I. ECONOMIC GROWTH
- Gross Domestic Products (GDP) Growth
2014’s GDP achieved an estimated growth of 5.98% against 2013, of which GDP in the first quarter increased by 5.06%, by 5.34% in the second quarter, by 6.07% in the third quarter and by 6.96% . This year’s growth rate was higher than 2012’s increase of 5.25% and 2013’s increase of 5.42%, it shows a positive sign of the economy. Of the growth rate of 5.98% for the whole economy, the agriculture, forestry and fishery grew by 3.49%, higher than 2013’s increase of 2.64%, contributed 0.61 percentage points to the overall growth; the industry and construction by 7.14%, higher than the last year’s increase of 5.43%, contributed 2.75 percentages points; the service by 5.96%, contributed 2.62 percentage points.
Of the agriculture, forestry and fishery, although the agriculture had the low growth of 2.60%, its scale was the largest (about 74%), contributed 0.35 percentage points. Of the industry and construction, the industry increased by 7.15% from the last year, of which the manufacturing had the relatively positive change with the high growth of 8.45%, much higher than the growth of some previous years (increase of 5.80% in 2012; 7.44% in 2013), contributed significantly to the growth rate of the sector II and contributed an important part to the general growth. Of the service sector, some industries had the contribution with large proportions to the overall growth as follows: the wholesale and retail represented the largest proportion, reached an increase of 6.62% from 2013, contributed 0.91 percentage points; the finance, banking and insurance went up by 5.88%; the real estate business was improved with a growth of 2.85%, higher than the last year’s increase of 2.17%.
Regarding the structure of the economy, the agriculture, forestry and fishery accounted for 18.12%; the industry and construction accounted for 38.50%; and the service sector accounted for 43.38% (2012’s corresponding proportions were: 18.38%; 38.31%; and 43.31%).
In terms of GDP to use in 2014, final consumption increased by 6.20% compared to 2013, contributing 4.72 percentage points to overall growth (the household final consumption increased by 6.12%, higher than the last year’s growth of 5.18%); accumulated assets went up by 8.90%, contributing 2.90 percentage points.
- Agriculture, forestry and fishery
2014’s rice production was at an estimate of 45 million tons, an increase of 955.2 thousand tons compared to the previous year, mainly due to the productivity of 5760 kg/ha, an increase of 190 kg/ha. In rice production of the whole year, winter-spring rice yield reached 20.8 million tons, rose 780,800 tons due to the productivity of 6690 kg/ha, an increase of 230 kg/ha; summer-autumn rice yield gained 14.5 million tons, reduced by 93,100 tons; winter rice yield was estimated to obtain 9.6 million tons, rose 267,500 tons.
The country this year had 2.5 million buffaloes, down 1.9% compared with 2013 due to the narrowed grazing land; 5.2 million oxen, up 1.5%, only still development in raising dairy cattle, total number of dairy cattle in 2014 over the country reached 227,600 heads, an increase of 22.1% against 2013; 26.8 million pigs, up 1.9%; 327.7 million fowls, up 3.2% (246 million chickens, a rise of 4.9%). Production of live-weight meat of all kinds this year was estimated to reach a relative level, of which production of buffalo meat gained 86,900 tons, increased by 1.6%, beef reached 292,900 tons, by 2.6%; pork obtained 3.4 million tons, by 3.1%; and poultry achieved 875,000 tons, by 5.3%.
Concentrated planted forest area reached an estimate of 226,100 ha, raised by 6.1% from 2013; the number of dispersed planted trees gained 155.3 million trees, equaling 98.7% of the last year’s figure; wood production achieved 6456 thousand m3, a relative rise of 9.3% from 2013.
Estimated fishing production in 2014 reached 6332.5 thousand tons, increased by 5.2% over the last year, of which there were 4571 thousand tons of fish, a rise of 4.5% and 790,500 tons of shrimp, a rise of 9.3%. Estimated aquaculture production during the year reached 3413.3 thousand tons, grew by 6.1% compared with the previous year, of which there were 2449.1 thousand tons of fish, an increase of 4.1% and 631,500 tons of shrimp, an increase of 12.7%. Estimated caught products reached 2919.2 thousand tons, a rise of 4.1%, of which sea catching reached 2711.1 thousand tons, an increase of 4%.
Industrial Production Indexes (IIP) in 2014 was estimated to grow by 7.6% from 2013 (1st quarter grew by 5.3%; 2nd quarter by 6.9%, 3rd quarter by 7.8% and 4th quarter by 10.1%), much higher than 2013’s growth of 5.9%.
Generally, in eleven months, the consumption index for the whole manufacturing rose 11.1% over the same period in 2013, higher than the 3.6% growth of the same period in 2012 and 9.2% increase of the similar period in 2013.
Stock index for the entire manufacturing as of 01/12/2014 increased by 4.4% from the previous month; by 10% from the same period in 2013 (a rise of 20.1% in 2012’s same period and a rise of 10.2% in 2013’s same period). Stock rate for the whole manufacturing in November was 68.1%, and on average in eleven months was 74.5%.
Labor employed index (LEI) for industrial enterprises as of 01/12/2014 rose 1.1% from the previous month, and it grew by 5.8% compared with the same period in the previous year, of which the state sector went up by 0.7%; the non-state sector grew by 2.5%, the FDI sector by 9.5%. As of above period, LEI of the mining and quarrying fell by 4.5% against the identical period in 2013; manufacturing increased by 6.7%; power generation and supply by 1.6%; water supply and waste treatment by 2%.
- The situation of the business activities
In 2014, the country had 74842 enterprises registered for new establishment with a total registered capital of 432.2 trillion dongs, a decrease of 2.7% in the number of businesses and an increase of 8.4% in the registered capital over the equivalent period last year. The average registered capital per newly established enterprise in the year achieved 5.8 billion dongs, rose 11.5% over 2013. The expected number of laborers provided with job in the newly established enterprises in the year was 1091 thousand persons, increased by 2.8% from the same period last year. In 2014, the country had 15419 enterprises re-operated, up 7.1% from the similar period in 2013.
The country this year had 67823 enterprises having difficulty forced to dissolve, or register for time-limited temporary cessation of operations, or suspended businesses waiting for closing the enterprise code or without registration, of which 9501 enterprises finished the procedure for dissolving, a decrease of 3.2% from the previous year, dissolved enterprises was mainly ones with capital less than 10 billion dongs; 58322 difficult enterprises had to cease operations, a rise of 14.5% from the previous month. Of which 11723 enterprises registered for time-limited temporary cessation of operations; 46599 enterprises suspended operations waiting for closing the enterprise code or without registration.
The total of newly and additionally registered capital to the economy in 2014 was 1027.9 trillion dongs, including 595.7 trillion dongs of enterprises registered for new establishment and 432.2 trillion dongs of enterprises changing to raise capital.
- Service activities
a. Retail sales of consumer goods and services
Estimated total retail sales of consumer goods and services in 2014 reached 2945.2 trillion dongs, rose 10.6% from 2013, if the factor of inflation were excluded, it would be 6.3%, higher than 2013’s growth of 5.5%.
By economic activity, retail sales of goods of the whole year reached 2216 trillion dongs, increased by 11.3% compared to the figure in 2013; accommodation and catering services gained 381.8 trillion dongs, by 8%; other services achieved 347.4 trillion dongs, by 9.4%.
b. Carriage of passengers and cargos
This year’s passenger carriage was estimated to rise 7.6% in the volume of passengers and 6.9% in passengers-kilometers from 2013. Respectively, transport by road showed an increase of 7.8% and 7.7%; river: a growth of 4.6% and 6.2%; airway: an increase of 8.2% and 5.3%; sea: an increase of 3.2% and 2.1%; railway: a decrease of 0.9% and an increase of 1.2%.
This year’s estimated cargo carriage grew by 5.6% in tons and by 1.7% in tons-kilometers against the previous month. Correspondingly, transport by road went up by 6.9% and 5.4%; river: by 3.1% and 4.4%; sea: down 5.2% and 0.7%; railway: 10% and 13% increase.
c. International visitors to Viet Nam
Estimated number of international visitors to Viet Nam in 2014 reached 7874.3 thousand arrivals, rose 5.4% from the last year, much lower than 2013’s growth of 10.6%. 4762.5 thousand arrivals came for tourist purposes, 2.6% growth; 1321.9 thousand arrivals came for business purposes, a rise of 4.3%; 1347.1 thousand arrivals came for visiting relatives, 6.9% growth.
In 2014, visitors to Viet Nam from Asia was estimated to achieve 5341.9 thousand arrivals, raised by 4.5%; visitors from Europe gained an estimate of 1198.5 thousand arrivals, a high growth of 14.6%.
II. STABILIZE MACRO ECONOMY, CURB INFLATION
As of 22/12/2014, the total means of payment increased by 15.99% compared to the figure in December 2013 (a rise of 16.13% in the same period in 2013); credit to the economy grew by 12.62% (12.51% increase in the similar period in 2013); capital mobilization by 15.76% (a growth of 17.23% in 2013’s identical period); foreign exchange reserves had a high growth; exchange rate was controlled within the proposed amplitude.
- Construction, Investment & Development
The production value of construction in 2014 at constant 2010 prices was estimated to increase by 7.6% over 2013, of which the state sector reduced by 10.9%; the non-state sector increased by 7.6%, and the FDI sector by 58%. Of the total production value of construction, housing buildings grew by 4.3%; buildings not for housing by 4.1%; engineering works by 14.3%; specialized construction by 8.2%.
b. Investment & Development
Estimated realized social investment capital at current prices in 2014 reached 1220.7 trillion dongs, rose 11.5% from 2013 and equaled 31% of GDP. Of which state sector reached 486.8 trillion dongs, increased by 10.1% over the previous year; the non-state sector gained 468.5 trillion dongs, by 13.6% and the FDI sector achieved 265.4 trillion dongs, by 10.5% respectively. Of the state sector’s investment capital, estimated realized capital from the state budget in 2014 reached 207.7 trillion dongs, equaled 102% of the yearly plan and grew by 0.3% compared with 2013.
From the beginning of the year to 15/12/2014, FDI attracted 1588 newly licensed projects with the registered capital of US $ 15642.6 million, went up 24.5% in the number of projects and 9.6% in the capital from the similar period in 2013. At the same time, 594 times of license-granted projects from the previous years were provided with additional capital of US $ 4588.3 million. Thus the total registered capital of both newly and additionally financed projects reached US $ 20230.9 million, although falling by 6.5% against the same period in 2013, but it was 19% higher than the plan. Estimated realized FDI capital in 2014 gained US $ 12.4 billion, rose 7.4% from the last year’s same period and 2.9% higher than 2014’s plan.
In the year, the manufacturing attracted foreign investors with the registered capital of US $ 14492.8 million, accounting for 71.6% of the total registered capital; the real estate business received US $ 2545 million, representing 12.6%; the construction achieved US $ 1057.4 million, constituting 5.2%; other industries received US $ 2135.7 million, taking 10.6%.
- Government revenues and expenditures
Total estimated government revenues from the beginning of the year to 15/12/2014 achieved 814.1 trillion dongs, equaled 104% of the annual estimate, of which domestic revenues reached 551.4 trillion dongs, equaled 102.3%; collecting from crude oil achieved 98.1 trillion dongs, equaled 115.2%; from export-import balance 160.3 trillion dongs, equaled 104.1%. Of home revenues, 184.6 trillion dongs were from state enterprises, equaling 100% of the yearly estimate; 117.2 trillion dongs were from FDI enterprises (excluding crude oil), equaling 105%; 105 trillion dongs were from non-state industrial, commercial and service taxes, equaling 97.9%; 45.3 trillion dongs were from individual income tax, equaling 95.5%; 11.4 trillion dongs were from tax on environment protection, equaling 89.9%; and 10.9 trillion dongs were from other fees, equaling 105.5%.
From the beginning of the year to 15/12/2014, total government expenditures reached an estimate of 968.5 trillion dongs, equaled 96.2% of the yearly estimate. Of which, spending for investment development achieved 158 trillion dongs, equaled 97% (only spending for capital construction reached 153.1 trillion dongs, equaled 96.8%); spending for economic and social development, national defense and security, state management was estimated to gain 690.5 trillion dongs, equaled 98.2%; paying debts and aids 120 trillion dongs, equaled 100%.
Total premium revenue of the whole market in 2014 was at an estimate of 52.7 trillion dongs, an increase of 14.2% compared to 2013, of which turnovers of non-life premiums reached 25.3 trillion dongs, an increase of 10.5%; life premium revenues reached 27.4 trillion dongs, an increase of 17.9%.
- Exports – Imports
Estimated export turnovers in 2014 reached US $ 150 billion, grew by 13.6% against 2013, of which the domestic economic sector reached US $ 48.4 billion, raised by 10.4%, the highest growth since 2012 and contributed 3.5 percentage points to the general growth; the FDI sector (including crude oil) gained US $ 101.6 billion, went up by 15.2%, contributed 10.1 percentage points and gained US $ 94.4 billion (excluding crude oil), by 16.7%. If the factor of inflation were excluded, export turnovers in 2014 would increase by 9.1%. The major groups of export goods still belonged to the FDI sector: export turnovers of telephone and components accounted for 99.6% of the country’s total export turnovers of this group; textiles accounted for 59.4%; shoes and sandals represented 77%; machinery, equipment, tools and spare parts took 89.7%; electronics, computers and components accounted for 98.8%.
About the structure of export goods, the group of heavy industrial and mineral goods accounted for 44.3% of the total export turnovers, of which telephones and components was estimated to reach US $ 24.1 billion, increase by 13.4% and account for 16.1%. The group of light industrial goods took 38.6%. The group of agricultural and forestry products held 11.9%. The aquatic products accounted for 5.2%.
About the export market in 2014, the United States continued to be the biggest market of Viet Nam with an estimated export turnover of US $ 28.5 billion, a rise of 19.6% compared with 2013. Following markets were the EU with US $ 27.9 billion, a rise of 14.7%, ASEAN with an estimate of US $ 19 billion, an increase of 3.1%.
This year’s import turnovers was estimated to reach US $ 148 billion, rose 12.1% from the previous year, of which the FDI sector reached US $ 84.5 billion, went up by 13.6%; the domestic economic sector gained US $ 63.5 billion, increased by 10.2%.
Regarding the structure of import goods this year, the group of materials for production held the largest proportion of 91.2%, of which the machinery, equipment, tools, means of transport and components accounted for 37.6%; materials and fuels took 53.6%. The group of consumer items held 8.8%.
About the import market in 2014, China was still the largest import market of Viet Nam with an estimate turnover of US $ 43.7 billion, a rise of 18.2% from the same period in 2013. The whole year’s trade deficit from this market was estimated to reach US $ 28.9 billion, 21.8% growth over the previous year. The ASEAN market reached an estimate of US $ 23.1 billion. The EU market gained US $ 8.9 billion.
As estimated, trade surplus in 2014 was about US $ 2 billion, of which the FDI sector had a trade surplus of US $ 17 billion, higher than the last year’s US $ 13.7 billion; the domestic economic sector had a trade deficit of US $ 15 billion, higher than 2013’s US $ 13.7 billion.
c. Export and import of services
Service export turnover in 2014 reached an estimate of US $ 11 billion, rose 2.8% from 2013, of which travel services reached US $ 7.3 billion, accounted for 66% of the total turnovers and did not have much change compared to the previous year. Service import value this year reached US $ 15 billion, a rise of 5.6% over 2013, of which transport services and insurance of import goods gained US $ 8.1 billion, accounted for 54% of the total turnovers and grew by 12.6%. Services trade deficit in 2014 was about US $ 4 billion.
- Price indexes
a. Consumer price indexes (CPI)
December’s CPI fell by 0.24% from the previous month; this was the only month with decreased CPI in the past ten year (Not including 2008 – the year was strongly affected by the global economic recession). In eleven major groups of goods and services, there were two groups with a sharp decrease: housing and constructional materials reduced by 0.99%; transport by 3.09% (contributing 0.27% to the general decrease of CPI). Groups of goods and services kept prices relatively stable with an insignificant increase: catering and related services raised by 0.08%; medicines and health services by 0.03%; education by 0.03%; culture, entertainment and tourist by 0.07% respectively.
CPI in December 2014 went up by 1.84% from the same period in 2013. Average CPI in 2014 rose 4.09% compared to that in 2013, a relatively low increase in the past ten years. In 2014, average CPI rose 0.15% per month.
b. Producer price indexes (PPI)
PPI of products from the agricultural, forestry and fishing sector in 2014 had an increase of 4.62 % over the previous year, of which PPI of farming items increased by 3.85%, forestry goods by 8.28% and fishing products by 6.64 %.
PPI of industrial production this year grew by 3.26% from the previous year, of which PPI of mineral products went up by 8.29%; the manufacturing by 1.09%; power and power generation and supply by 10.19%, water by 4.47%.
Price indexes of fuels and materials for production in 2014 increased by 3.39% compared with 2013, of which sectors had price indexes of fuels and materials for production with a high growth including: power, gas, warm water, steam and air-conditioning increased by 6.71%; mining and quarrying by 5.47%; medicines and pharmaceutical products by 5.41%; water supply and waste treatment by 5.21%.
Freight price indexes in 2014 rose 3.13% from the previous year, of which prices of passenger carriage grew by 2.43%; cargo carriage by 4.06%. Price indexes of railway transport services in 2014 increased by 0.71% over 2013; bus and road transport services by 5.52%; waterway transport services by 1.82%.
c. Export – Import price indexes
Export price indexes in 2014 rose 0.79% against the previous year, of which items with increased export price indexes included: pepper with a rise of 14.45%; vegetables: 9.88%; aquatic products: 7.43%; chemicals: 6.24%; chemical products: 6% respectively. Items had sharply reduced price indexes as follows: rubber with a decrease of 26.93%; rubber products: 12.63%; electric wire and cables: 10.69%; steel: 9.59%; plastic: 7.58%; petrol: 6.34% respectively.
Import price indexes this year fell by 1.02% from the previous year, of which items had much decreased import price indexes such as: fertilizer: 13.53% decrease; rubber: 10.48%; wheat: 8.29%; petrol: 4.38%; chemicals: 4.28%; textile fibre and thread: 4.01% respectively.
III. SOCIAL ISSUES
The country’s average population in 2014 was at an estimate of 90.73 million, rose 1.08% from 2013. According to findings of the Inter-censal Population and Housing Survey 2014, total fertility rate was estimated to be 2.09 children per woman; crude birth rate was 17.2‰; crude death rate was 6.9‰; the sex ratio at birth reached 112.2 male births per 100 female births. The average life expectancy of population in Viet Nam this year was 73.2 years, of which it was 70.6 years for men and 76.0 years for women. As of the time of the survey, death rate of babies under one year of age (number of deaths under one year of age per 1000 live births) was 14.9‰; death rate of babies under five years of age (number of deaths under five years of age per 1000 live births) was 22.4‰.
- Labor and employment
Laborers aged 15 and above working in all economic activities in 2014 reached an estimate of 53.0 million persons, grew by 0.8 million persons (+1.56%) against 2013. Persons aged 15 and above doing in the sector of agriculture, forestry and fishery accounted for 46.6% of the total laborers (2012: 47.4%; 2013: 46.8%); workers in the sector of industry and construction accounted for 21.4% (both 2012 and 2013: 21.2%); workers in the sector of services accounted for 32.0% (2012: 31.4%; 2013: 32%).
Persons having job was estimated to be 52526.2 thousand in the first quarter of this year, rose 616,100 compared with the similar period last year; 52838.4 thousand in the second quarter, rose 436,100; 53258.4 thousand in the third quarter, rose 520,700; 53471.1 thousand, rose 678,000.
The underemployment rate of laborers within the working age group in 2014 was 2.45%, lower than 2012’s rate of 2.74% and 2013’s rate of 2.75%. Of which it was 1.18% (2012: 1.56%; 2013: 1.48%) for the urban area and 1.58% (2012: 3.27%; 2013: 3.31%) for the rural area. The underemployment rate had a tendency to increase at the end of the year (1st quarter: 2.78%; 2nd quarter: 2.25%; 3rd quarter: 2.3%; 4th quarter: 2.46%) and increase mainly in the rural area (1st quarter: 3.37%; 2nd quarter: 2.77%; 3rd quarter: 2.83%; 4th quarter: 3.08%).
The unemployment rate of laborers within the working age group in 2014 was 2.08% (1st quarter: 2.21%; 2nd quarter: 1.84%; 3rd quarter: 2.17%; 4th quarter: 2.1%), of which it was 3.43% for the urban area, lower than the previous year’s rate of 3.59%; 1.47% for the rural area, lower than the rate of 1.54% in 2013.
Unemployment rate of youths aged 15-24 in 2014 was 6.3%, higher than 2013’s rate of 6.17%. Of which it was 11.49% for the urban area, higher than the rate of 11.12% in 2013, and 4.63% for the rural area, approximate to the rate of 2013. Unemployment rate of adults aged 25 and above in 2014 was 1.12%, lower than 2013’s rate of 1.21%. Of which, it was 2.07% for the urban area, lower than the previous year’s rate of 2.29%; 0.7% for the rural area, lower than 2013’s rate of 0.72%. Estimated non-official labor rate of the non-agricultural household sector in 2014 was 56.1%, reduced 1 percentage points compared with 2013.
- Labor productivity
Social labor productivity in 2014 at current prices of the entire economy was estimated to reach 74.3 million dongs per laborer (equivalent to US $ 3515 per laborer), of which labor productivity for the agricultural, forestry and fishery sector gained 28.9 million dongs per laborer, equaling 38.9% of the general labor productivity of the whole economy; the sector of industry and construction achieved 133.4 million dongs per laborer, 1.8 times; the service sector reached 100.7 million dongs per laborer, 1.36 times. At 2010 comparative prices, labor productivity of the whole economy in 2014 was estimated to increase by 4.3% from 2013, of which labor productivity for the agricultural, forestry and fishery sector raised by 2.4%; the sector of industry and construction by 4.3%; the service sector by 4.4%.
- People’s life and social security
According to the reports of provinces, in the year, the country had 314.9 thousand households suffering from food shortage, reduced by 26.2% from the previous year, corresponding with 1340.4 thousand hunger persons, 25.3% decrease. To overcome the problem, from the beginning of the year, all administrative levels, sectors and localities provided difficult families with 22.2 thousand tons of food and 19.7 billion dongs. The rate of poor households in 2014 was estimated about 8.2%, reduced 1.6 percentage points compared with 2013.
- Education and training
As of December 2014, the country had 21/63 provinces and cities directly under the central management meeting standard for compulsory preschool education for under-5-years children; 63/63 provinces and cities directly under the central management meeting standard for compulsory primary education within right age group, of which 08 provinces and cities were recognized as meeting standard for compulsory primary education within right age group at 2nd level.
According to results of the Multiple Indicatior Cluster Survey in Viet Nam 2014, the number of children within preschool age participating in the preschool program reached 71.3%, of which the number of children under 5 years attending school gained 96.8%; children entering from 1st grade to 5th grade attained 98.6%; the rate of children within right age group of the primary school level was 96.2%; the secondary school level: 90.4%; and the high school level: 70.7% respectively. The rate of children completing the primary school level and continuing to the secondary school level achieved 98.6%; the percentage of children graduated from the secondary school attending the high school dropped to 89.5%.
As of the end of 2014, the country had 1340 vocational training institutions, of which 165 occupational colleges; 301 occupational intermediate schools; 874 occupational training centers 2013.
- Epidemic diseases
In 2014, the country had 76,300 cases of hand, foot, mouth disease (9 died); 36,400 cases of measles suspected of roseola infantum, of which there were over 5,800 specified cases of measles (147 died); 33,600 cases of hemorrhagic fever (20 died); 1100 cases of virus encephalitis (42 died); 384 cases of typhoid; 24 cases of meningococcal disease (3 died); and two cases died of A (H5N1) flu. Vaccination against measles and rubella was implemented in 2014 over the 63 provinces and cities with 12.7 million vaccinated children, reaching 85.4%.
As of 17/12/2014, the total number of living HIV-infected persons over the country was 224,000, of which 71,600 cases turned to AIDS. The number of persons died of AIDS over the country as of above period was 74,400.
- Traffic accidents
In 2014, the country had 25,322 cases of the traffic accidents, including 10,601 cases of traffic accidents and 14,721 cases of traffic crashing, killing 8996 persons, injuring 6265 persons and injuring slightly 18152 others. In comparison with 2013, cases of the traffic accidents decreased by 13.8% (cases of traffic accidents from less serious and more reduced by 4.1%; cases of traffic collision slowed down 19.7%); the death fell by 4%; the injured persons reduced by 8.6%; slightly injured persons declined by 19.9%. On average, each day in 2014, the country had 69 cases of traffic accident, including 29 cases of traffic accidents and 40 cases of traffic crashing, killing 25 persons and injuring 17 persons and injuring somewhat 50 others.
- Damage by natural calamity
According to the preliminary report of provinces, in 2014, natural calamity made 145 persons died and lost; 165 persons injured; nearly 2000 houses collapsed, swept away and 51,300 houses blown off, flooded; 17,600 hectares of rice and vegetables lost; 171,900 hectares of rice and vegetables flooded and damaged. The total value of damage caused by the disaster in the year was estimated 2541 trillion dongs.
 Source: National Business Registration System, Ministry of Planning and Investment.
 December’s CPI compared with the previous month in years was as follows: 2005: a rise of 0.8%; 2006: a rise of 0.5%; 2007: a rise of 2.9%; 2008: a decrease of 0.68%; 2009: an increase of 1.38%; 2010: a rise of 1.98%; 2011: a rise of 0.53%; 2012: a rise of 0.27%; 2013: an increase of 0.51%.
 GDP per laborer aged 15 years and above working.