The National Statistical Survey Program approved by the Prime Minister, enclosed with the Decision No. 43/2016/QD-TTg dated October 17, 2016, the Rural, Agricultural and Fishery Census is carried out every 10 years. Between the two censuses, there is a mid-term survey conducted to collect and synthesize a number of key indicators on rural areas and agriculture. This mid-term survey was conducted on July 1, 2020 in accordance with the Decision No. 1695/QD-TCTK dated December 31, 2019 by the Director General of the General Statistics Office (hereinafter referred to as the 2020 Mid-term rural and agricultural survey).

This is a large-scale survey conducted nationwide to collect information of 8,297 communes, 20,611 farms and 1.6 million sample households (equivalent to 10% of the households ingaged agricultural, forestry and fishery activities) with the aims of:
(1) Collecting general information and compiling indicators on rural areas and agriculture in the National Statistical Indicator System;

(2) Providing more statistical information for the evaluation of the results of the implementation of the Rural and Agricultural Development Plan for the period 2016 – 2020; developing a plan for the period of 2021 – 2025;

(3) Updating statistical database on rural areas, agriculture and building a sample frame for a number of sample surveys in the field of rural and agriculture. In order to add information for monitoring and evaluating the sustainable development goals (SDGs), the 2020 Mid-term rural and agricultural survey deployed indepth sample survey with 0.3% of the households engaged in agricultural, forestry and fishery activities to calculate the indicator SDG 2.4.1 (Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture).

In addition to the mobilization of a large team of enumerators, supervisors and civil servants of the Statistics system from the central to local levels, the survey also thoroughly applied information technology in all stages from preparation, making the list of survey units to collecting, checking, validating and delivery, processing, synthesizing information, and publishing as well as disseminating survey results. In the stage of information collection, two methods were applied: (1) Using the electronic questionnaire on mobile devices (computer-assisted personal interviews – CAPI) to collect information about households engaged in agricultural, forestry and fishery production activities; (2) Using the online survey form on the operation website of the Survey to collect information about the farms and the Commune People’s Committees. Besides that, the survey results also updated the production and business situation of agricultural, forestry and fishery cooperatives and enterprises in rural areas, which were integrated in the 2020 Enterprise Survey led and conducted by the General Statistics Office in coordination with ministries, line-ministries and localities.
The 2020 mid-term rural and agricultural Survey has been completed, achieving its purposes, requirements and contents. In order to meet the information needs of the institutions, organizations and individuals, the General Statistics Office publishes the survey results with two main parts:
Part I: Overview of the socio-economic situation in rural areas and agricultural, forestry and fishery production through the results of the 2020 Mid-term rural and agricultural survey;
Part II: Some key indicators compiled from the results of the 2020 Mid-term rural and agricultural survey.
Hopefully, the Survey results will be fruitful information to better meet the requirements of administration, direction, research and deployment of the national and international agencies, organizations and individuals.