1. Agriculture, forestry and fishery

      a) Agriculture

Agricultural production in the month focused mainly on tending winter-spring paddy in Northern provinces; harvested paddy and vegetables in winter-spring and cultivated summer-autumn paddy in southern localities. In winter-spring paddy this year, the country cultivated 3,101.5 thousand hectares, an equal to 99.5%  compared with the same period last year, of which Northern provinces reached 1,127.5 thousand hectares, an equal to 98.5%; Southern provinces gained 1,974 thousand hectares of winter-spring paddy, an equal to  100.1%. Area of winter-spring paddy in the North decreased by 16.6 thousand hectares compared with the previous year, of which the Red River Delta decreased by 11.9 thousand hectares[1], mainly due to some localities changed a part of paddy area to the use for other purposes[2].

In the North, early winter-spring paddy was in period of flowering and maturing, yield was estimated at 63 quintals/hectare, increased by 0.7 quintals/hectare compared with the previous winter-spring paddy; production was estimated at 7.1 million tons, decreased by 24 thousand tons. Some localities saw a sharply decrease in paddy production  such as : Ha Noi fell 24.5 thousand tons; Hung Yen decreased by 11.3 thousand tons; Hai Duong fell 9.3 thousand tons; Bac Ninh decreased by 7.5 thousand tons. In the South, as of middle of May, localities harvested 1,928.6 thousand hectares of winter-spring paddy, accounted for 97.7% of the sown area and equaled to 101.4% compared with the same period last year, of which Mekong River Delta harvested 1,566 thousand hectares, accounted for 99.5% and equaled to 99.2%. According to preliminary reports, yield of winter-spring paddy in southern provinces was estimated at 67.5 quintal/hectare, an increase of 5.2 quintals/hectare compared with the previous winter-spring paddy; production was estimated at 13.3 million tons, rose by 1.04 million tons. Particularly in Mekong River Delta, yield was estimated at 68.9 quintal/hectare, an increase of 6.3 quintals/hectare compared with the previous winter-spring paddy; production reached 10.8 million tons, grew up 954.9 thousand tons. Some localities gained good yield and production compared with the previous winter-spring paddy, such as Kien Giang (yield increased by 10.5 quintal/hectare; production increased by 251.3 thousand tons); Dong Thap (yield increased by 9.9 kg/hectare; production increased by183.8 thousand tons); Long An (yield increased by 5.3 quintals/hectare; production increased by 131.3 thousand tons).

Along with the harvest of winter-spring paddy, Southern provinces sowed 1,047.9 thousand hectares of summer-autumn paddy, an equal to 92.8% compared with the same period in 2017 (Mekong River Delta reached 970.6 thousand hectares, an equal to 93.5%), mainly due to the effects from progress of the winter-spring planting crop this year was slower compared with the same period. Currently, the summer-autumn paddy was growing well, the agricultural sector needed to strengthen the inspection and closely monitored the situation of pests and diseases, guided the people to tend paddy properly and ensure crop calendar.

Cultivation of annual crops was low, as of mid-May, 476 thousand hectares of maize were cultivated in the country, an equal to 85.4% compared with the same period last year; 73.3 thousand hectares of sweet potatoes, an equal to 93.3%; 136.1 thousand hectares of peanuts, an equal to 95.7%; 32 thousand hectares of soybean, an equal to 78.8%; 630 thousand hectares of vegetables, equaled to 103.2%.

In general, cattle and buffaloes husbandry witnessed stability in the month, poultry production continued to be quite good, pig farming started to show signs of repopulation when the price of living weight increased[3], but the export market of this product was not improved. Buffalo population in the country this month was estimated to decrease by 0.4% compared with the same period last year; cattle increased by 3%; poultry population increased by 6.9%; pigs decreased by 5.4%. As of May 27, 2018, there were no epidemic occurred on cattle and poultry.

       b) Forestry

Area of ​​concentrated forests in May was estimated at 25.3 thousand hectares, increased  by 1.6% compared with the same period last year; number of scattered trees reached 6.5 million trees, decreased by 0.6%; wood cut production reached 1,190 thousand m3, rose by 8.9%; exploited firewood production reached 2.1 million ste, fell 4.5%. Generally in the first 5 months of the year, concentrated forests area was estimated at 75.8 thousand hectares, increased by 0.9% compared with the same period last year; number of scattered trees reached 29 million, decreased by 0.3%; wood cut production reached 4,197 thousand m3, an increase of 9%; exploited firewood production reached 10.8 million ste, fell 2.3%. Some provinces  gained good timber production in 5 months: Bac Giang reached 234 thousand m3, grew up 9.9% compared with the same period last year; Thanh Hoa reached 247 thousand m3,  grew up 11.4%; Tuyen Quang reached 291 thousand m3, an increase of 12.3%.

In May, there was 78 hectares of damaged forest, decreased by 55% compared with the same period last year, of which forest fire area was 23.9 hectares, fell 65.9%; area of ​​deforested forest was 54.1 hectares, fell 47.5%. Generally, in 5 beginning months of the year, the damaged forest area was 386 hectares, fell 34.7% compared with the same period last year, of which forest fire  area was 115.9 hectares, fell 44.6%; area of ​​deforested forest was 270.1 hectares, fell 29.3%.

       c) Fishery

Fishery production in May was estimated at 654.3 thousand tons, grew up 6.7% compared with the same period last year, that included fish reached 483.6 thousand tons, grew up 7.2%; shrimp reached 70.2 thousand tons, rose by 11.3%; other fisheries reached 100.5 thousand tons, rose by 1.5%.

Aquaculture production was estimated at 332.4 thousand tons, rose by 6.3% compared with the same period last year, of which fish reached 235.2 thousand tons, rose by 6.4%; shrimp reached 56.5 thousand tons, rose by 12.3%. Pangasius farming was good, Pangasius price remained at high level, producer made profit, production scale was expanded. Production of pangasius  in May was estimated at 104.5 thousand tons, rose by 11.6% compared with  the same period last year, of which Dong Thap reached 32.7 thousand tons, rose by 5%; An Giang reached 26.8 thousand tons, rose by 33%; Can Tho reached 16.3 thousand tons, rose by 10%. Brackish shrimp farming was favorable due to  good weather but white leg shrimp faced a drop in prices due to abundant supply and falling world prices and competition with Indian and Thai shrimp. Production of black tiger shrimp in May was estimated at 23 thousand tons, rose by 7% compared with the same period in 2017; white leg shrimp production reached 31.9 thousand tons, rose by 16.4%.

Production of fishery catching in May 2018 was estimated at 321.9 thousand tons, rose by 7.2% compared with the same period last year, of which fish reached 248.4 thousand tons, grew up 8%; shrimp reached 13.7 thousand tons, grew up 7.5%; other fisheries reached 59.8 thousand tons, rose by 4%. The weather in the month  was relatively favorable for the marine catching and that was in the catching crop in the South, production of marine catching was good. Production marine catching in May reached 306 thousand tons, grew up 7.4% compared with the same period last year, of which fish reached 237.5 thousand tons, rose by 8.2%; shrimp reached 12.5 thousand tons, rose by 7.8%; other fisheries reached 56 thousand tons, grew up 4.1%.

Generally, in 5 begining months of the year, fishery production was estimated at 2,806.9 thousand tons, rose by 5.3% compared with the same period last year, of which aquaculture production reached 1,395.4 thousand tons, rose by 6.1%; production of fishery catching reached 1,411.5 thousand tons, an increase of 4.4% (production of marine catching reached 1,345.8 thousand tons, an increase of 4.6%).

  1. Industrial production

The index of industrial production (IIP) in May was estimated to increase by 7.1% over the same period last year, of which the mining and quarrying activities fell by 7.6%; the manufacturing activities increased by 9.1%; the production and distribution of electricity rose 11.2%; the water supply, waste and sewerage remediation expanded 8.2%.

Generally, for the first 5 months of 2018, the index of industrial production increased by 9.7% compared to the same period last year, higher than the increase of 6.6% in the same period in 2017[4]. Of which, the manufacturing continued to grow at a high rate of 11.8%, contributing 9 percentage points to the overall increase but tending to slow down (this figure in the first 2, 3 and 4 months of this was 15.5%, 14.1%, and 12.5%, respectively); the production and distribution of electricity spread 10.6%, contributing 0.9 percentage points; the water supply, waste and sewerage remediation activities grew 6%, contributing 0.1 percentage points; the mining and quarrying decreased by 2.2%, causing a decline of 0.3 percentage point in overall growth.

In the 2-digit industrial activities, a number of industrial activities enjoyed sharp increase of IIP compared to the same period last year: manufacture of electronic, computer and optical products led with an increase of 18.7%, but the upward trend slowed down in recent months (the IIP growth from January to May was 35.8%; 33.2%; 24.6%; 5.4%; 2.2%, respectively), the main reason was that Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. focuses on producing luxury phones in February and March this year, while mainly produced these products in April and May 2017. Follow by IIP increase of some other industrial activities, such as manufacture of metal rose 17.4%; manufacture of fabricated metal products (except machinery and equipment) grew 17.2%; metal ore mining expanded 15.4%; textile increased by 12.1%. Some industrial activities experienced a moderate increase or decrease, specifically: the hard coal and lignite mining increased by 3.5%; the waste collection, treatment, disposal activities and materials recovery increased 3.4%; manufacture of tobacco rose 2.5%; wood and products of wooden, bamboo and rattan gained 2.4%; manufacture of rubber and plastic products increased by 2.3%; repair, maintenance and installation machinery and equipment went up 1.1%; extraction of crude oil and natural gas decreased by 4.8% (extraction of crude oil decreased by 10.2% and extraction of natural gas increased by 1%); other mining and quarrying decreased by 0.3%.

Some main industrial products in 7 months of this year reached a sharp increase year-on-year, as follows: iron and crude steel increased by 39.7%; fabric from polyester and artificial yarn went up 25%; aquatic feed rose 17.7%; refined sugar increased by 15.5%; steel bar, equal angle steel grew 15.1%; milk powder expanded 13.6%; TV increased by 12.4%. Some industrial products moderately rose or dropped: natural gas only increased 1%; fresh milk edged up 0.9%; mobile phones rose 0.8%; cars rose 0.6%; animal feed equalled the same period last year; urea fertilizer decreased by 1.6%; shampoo, conditioner reduce 6.6%; shower gel, facial cleanser decreased by 8.4%; crude oil extraction decreased by 10.2%.

The index of industrial production in the first 5 months of 2018 of provinces and cities directly under the Central Government increased compared to the same period last year, of which the index of industrial production in some provinces with large share of industrial activities: Hai Phong increased by 23.8%; Bac Ninh increased by 22.2%; Thai Nguyen increased by 12.1%; Vinh Phuc increased by 11.7%; Hai Duong increased by 10.1%; Binh Duong and Dong Nai increased by 8.2%; Da Nang increased by 8%; Hanoi increased by 7.8%; Can Tho increased by 7.3%; Quang Ninh increased by 6.8%; Ho Chi Minh City increased by 6%; Ba Ria – Vung Tau increased by 2.5%; Quang Nam decreased by 1.4%.

The number of employees working in industrial enterprises as of 1st May, 2018 increased by 3.8% compared to the same period last year, of which the number of employees in State owned enterprises decreased by 0.4%; in non-state enterprises increased by 4.3%; in FDI enterprises rose 4.2%. At this time, the number of employees working in the mining and quarrying decreased by 0.2% compared to the same period last year; in the manufacturing expanded 4%; production and distribution of electricity went up 0.6%; water supply, waste and sewerage remediation activities decreased by 1.2%.

The number of employees in enterprises as of 1st May, 2018 compared with the same period last year in some provinces with large share of industrial activities was as follows: Can Tho increased by 23.3%; Hai Phong increased by 14.2%; Ba Ria – Vung Tau increased by 12.2%[5]; Bac Ninh increased by 5.9%; Hanoi and Dong Nai increased by 4.9%; Thai Nguyen increased by 4.7%; Binh Duong increased by 4.5%; Hai Duong increased by 3.8%; Quang Ninh increased by 0.7%; Ho Chi Minh City increased by 0.3%; Da Nang decreased by 0.7%; Quang Nam decreased by 1.2%; Vinh Phuc decreased by 5%.

  1. Enterprises registration status[6]

In May, there were 11,027 newly established enterprises in the whole country with a registered capital of 104.8 trillion VND, down 24% in number of enterprises and 21.5% of registered capital compared to the previous month[7]; the average registered capital of an enterprise reached 9.5 billion VND, rose by 3.3%; The total number of registered employees of newly established enterprises was 80.5 thousand employees, went down 24.5%.

In the month, there were 2,306 re-operated enterprises, reduced 29.7% compared to the previous month; 6,855 temporarily ceased enterprises (including: 2,043 enterprises  ceased for a certain period of time and 4,812 enterprises temporarily ceased without registration or awaited dissolution), an increase of 11.7%; 834 enterprises completed dissolution procedures, a downturn of 39.5%.

Generally for the first 5 months of this year, there were 52,322 newly registered enterprises in the whole country with a total registered capital of 516.9 trillion VND, an increase of 3.5% in number of enterprises and 6.4% in registration capital compared to the same period in 2017[8]; The average registered capital of a newly established enterprise reached 9.9 billion VND, went up 2.8%. If including 902.2 trillion VND of additional registered capital of enterprises that recorded upward adjustment of capital, the total additional registered capital in the economy in 5 months of 2018 was 1,419.1 trillion VND. Besides, there were 13,267 re-operated enterprises, decreased by 1.4% compared to the same period last year, bringing the total number of newly established enterprises and re-operated enterprises in the first 5 months of the year to nearly 65.6 thousand enterprises. In the first 5 months of 2018, the total number of registered employees of newly established enterprises were 412.6 thousand employees, reduced 20.9% compared to the same period last year.By economic activities, in the first 5 months of the year, there were 17.8 thousand newly established enterprises in the wholesale and retail, repair of automobiles and motorbikes (accounting for 33.9% of the total number of newly established enterprises), an increase of 1.6% over the same period last year; 7.1 thousand construction enterprises (accounting for 13.6%), a rise of 3.5%; 6.5 thousand manufacturing enterprises (accounting for 12.4%), a drop of 4.5%; 4 thousand enterprises in the science, technology, consultation service, designing, advertisement and others (accounting for 7.6%), rose by 1.3%; 3.1 thousand enterprises in the employment services, travel, renting and leasing of machinery, equipment and other support services (accounting for 5.8%), jumped up 15.3%; 2.7 thousand enterprises in the accommodation and catering services (accounting for 5.1%), going up by 12%; 2.6 thousand real estate enterprises (accounting for 5%), making up 41.1%; 1.5 thousand enterprises in the education and training (accounting for 2.8%), rising by 12.7% …In the first 5 months of this year, some economic regions in the whole country recorded an increased in the number of newly established enterprises compared to the same period last year: The Red River Delta had 15.5 thousand enterprises, increased by 0.2% (registered capital reached 148.5 trillion VND, up 26.6%); Northern Midlands and Mountains had 2.2 thousand enterprises, went up 3.5% (registered capital of 19.4 trillion VND, decreased of 20.2%); North Central and Central Coast areas had 7.4 thousand enterprises, went up 6.7% (registered capital of 68.3 trillion VND, a rise of 2%); Central Highlands had 1.3 thousand enterprises, an increase of 0.9% (registered capital of 8.3 trillion VND, declining by 27.3%); Southeast had 22.1 thousand enterprises, up 4.4% (registered capital of 235.2 trillion VND, a downturn of 2.2%); Mekong River Delta had 3.8 thousand enterprises, an increase of 7.6% (registered capital of 37.2 trillion VND, increasing by 47.1%).In the first 5 months of 2018, the number of temporarily ceased enterprises were 33,399 enterprises, went up 3.9% compared to the same period last year, including 15,974 enterprises ceased for a certain period of time, climbed up 24% and 17,425 enterprises temporarily ceased without registration or awaited dissolution, decreased by 9.5%. By economic activities, the number of enterprises ceased for a certain period of time increased in almost economic activities compared to the same period last year, particularly: wholesale and retail, repair of automobile and motorbike gained 6.3 thousand enterprises (made of 39.1%), grew up 23.4%; 2.5 thousand construction enterprises (accounting for 15.3%), an increased of 23.5%; 2 thousand manufacturing enterprises (accounting for 12.4%), up 17.7%; 819 enterprises in the accommodation and catering service (accounting for 5.1%), edged up 30.2% … For enterprises temporarily ceased without registration or awaited dissolution, there were 6.1 thousand enterprises in the wholesale and retail, repair of automobiles and motorbikes (accounting for 35.3%), went down 25.7% compared to the same period last year; 2.4 thousand construction enterprises (accounting for 13.6%), reduced 6.8%; 2.1 thousand manufacturing enterprises (accounting for 12%), a downturn of 3.3%; 1.1 thousand enterprises in the employment services, travel, renting and leasing of machinery, equipment and other support services (accounting for 6.3%), rise of 17.1%; 1 thousand enterprises in the accommodation and catering services (accounting for 5.9%), rose by 5.7%.

In the first 5 months of 2018, the number of enterprises completed dissolution procedures was 5,533 enterprises, increased by 18.1% compared to the same period last year, of which 5,061 enterprises with capital size of less than 10 billion VND, making up 91.5 % and going up by 17%. Enterprises completed dissolution procedures mainly focused in the economic activities: Wholesale and retail, repair of automobiles and motorbikes with 2,127 enterprises, grew up 20.7% over the same period last year; the manufacturing: 779 enterprises, an increase of 28.5%; the construction activity was 599 enterprises with a rise of 12.8%.

  1. Investment

In May 2018, the realized investment of the State budget was estimated at 24.8 trillion VND, including: The central capital was 4.5 trillion VND; the local capital was 20.3 trillion VND. Generally for 5 first months of the year, the realized investment of the State budget reached 96.1 trillion VND, equaling 28.4% of the yearly plan and increasing by 8.8% compared to the same period of the previous year (the rates in the same period in 2017 were 28.7% and 5.5% respectively), including:

– The capital under central management reached 17.7 trillion VND, equaling 26.8% of the yearly plan and decreasing by 6.5% over the same period last year, of which, the realized investment under management of the Ministry of Transportation reached 6,135 billion VND, equaling 33.3% and going down 42.3%; Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development: 1,619 billion VND, equaling 20.1% and increasing by 12.1%; Ministry of Health: 721 billion VND, equaling 21.8% and decreasing by 41.6%; Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment: 360 billion VND, equaling 24.3% and increasing by 53.6%; Ministry of Education and Training: 308 billion VND, equaling 22.7% and increasing by 37.6%; Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism: 216 billion VND, equaling 28.8% and increasing by 23%; Ministry of Construction: 68 billion VND, equaling 24.8% and falling by 61.7%; Ministry of Industry and Trade: 61 billion VND, equaling 27.7% and going down 18.6%; Ministry of Science and Technology: 54 billion VND, equaling 22.4% and increasing by 48.1%; Ministry of Information and Communications: 32 billion VND, equaling 24% and rising by 19.7%.

– The capital under local management reached 78.4 trillion VND, equaling 28.8% of the year plan and rising by 12.9% over the same period in 2017, of which: The State budget capital at provincial level reached 54.2 trillion VND, equaling 26.8% and going up 11.8%; the State budget capital at district level reached 20.2 trillion VND, equaling 33.4% and increasing 15.5%; the State budget capital at commune level reached 4 trillion VND, equaling 40.6% and increasing by 14.7%. The realized investment from the State budget of some provinces and cities directly under the Central Government of 5 months in 2018 was as follows: Ha Noi capital reached 11,446 billion VND, equaling 30% of the year plan and rising by 4.9% compared to the same period of the previous year; Ho Chi Minh City: 6,243 billion VND, equaling 15% and increasing by 6.8%; Thanh Hoa: 2,428 billion VND, equaling 38.6% and rising by 38.2%; Hai Phong: 2,310 billion VND, equaling 25.3% and going up 62.8%; Quang Ninh: 2,204 billion VND, equaling 38.9% and rising by 21.3%; Nghe An: 2,189 billion VND, equaling 37.4% and decreasing by 0.6%; Ba Ria-Vung Tau: 2,169  billion VND, equaling 33.3% and increasing by 22.1%; Vinh Phuc: 2,109 billion VND, equaling 35.4% and increasing by 0.2%.

Generally, the disbursement and implementation of investment from the State budget in the first 5 months of the year still remained slowly. Line Ministries and provinces should continue to focus on performing solutions to overcome difficulties, speeding up the disbursement progress, ensuring the plan.

Foreign direct investment from the beginning of the year to 20th May, 2018 attracted 1,076 newly licensed projects with a registered capital of 4,657.4 million USD, an increase of 14.6% in number of projects and a fall of 16.8% of registered capital compared to the same period in 2017. Besides, 393 projects which were licensed in the previous year registered to adjust investment with an additional capital of 2,492.7 million USD, a reduction of 47.4% compared to the same period last year. Thus, the total newly registered and additional registered capital of 5 months reached 7,150.1 million USD, a decrease of 30.8% compared to the same period of 2017. The realized foreign direct investment in 5 months of this year was estimated to reach 6.75 billion USD, an increase of 9.8% compared to the same period in 2017. In 5 months, there were 2,341 turns of capital contribution and share purchase of foreign investors with the total of 2.75 billion USD, an increase of 53.5% compared to the same period in 2017, of which: 1,117 turns of capital contributions and share purchases increased the charter capital of the enterprise with the capital contribution of 1.58 billion USD and 1,224 turns of foreign investors repurchased domestic shares without increasing charter capital with the value of 1.17 billion USD.

In 5 months, the manufacturing activity attracted the most foreign direct investment with capital of newly licensed projects reaching 2,289.8 million USD, accounted for 49.1% of the total newly registered capital; the electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply reached 898.2 million USD, accounted for 19.3%; real estate activity recorded at 623.3 million USD, accounted for 13.4%; other sectors reached 846.1 million USD, made up 18.2%. If including additional registered capital of licensed projects from previous years, foreign direct investment in the manufacturing activity in 5 months of this year reached 4,452.3 million USD, accounted for 62.3% of total registered capital; the electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply reached 898.2 million USD, accounted for 12.5%; the real estate activities reached 806.5 million USD, accounted for 11.3%; other sectors reached 993.1 million USD, accounted for 13.9%. For capital contribution, buying shares of foreign investors, capital invested in the manufacturing activity gained 729 million USD, shared 26.5%; the wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles reached 599 million USD, accounted for 21.8% of the total capital contribution; other sectors reached 1,422.1 million USD, accounted for 51.7%.

In the whole country, there were 43 provinces and centrally-run cities having newly foreign direct investment projects licensed in 5 months of this year, of which Ho Chi Minh city had the largest registered capital with 540.9 million USD, accounted for 11.6% total newly registered capital; followed by Ha Noi with 525.6 million USD, accounted for 11.3%; Binh Duong: 403.8 million USD, accounted for 8.7%; Dong Nai: 373.6 million USD, accounted for 8%; Ba Lieu: 365.8 million USD, accounted for 7.9%; Ninh Thuan: 327.6  million USD, accounted for 7%; Ha Nam 198.3 million USD, accounted for 4.3%; Ba Ria – Vung Tau 195.7 million USD, accounted for 4.2%; Quang Ninh 176.6 million USD, accounted for 3.8%.

Among 54 countries and territories had newly licensed investment projects in Vietnam in 5 months, Korea ranked the top with 1,019.5 million USD, accounted for 21.9% of the total newly registered capital; followed by Japan with 904.8 million USD, accounted for 19.4%; Thai Lan 536.2 million USD, accounted for 11.5%; Singapore with 503.1 million USD, accounted for 10.8%; Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (China) with 474.9 million USD, accounted for 10.2%; China with 280.9 million USD, accounted for 6%; Netherland with 186.6 million USD, accounted for 4%;

Vietnam’s outward foreign direct investment in 5 months had 48 new projects granted investment certificates with a total capital of 144.7 million USD from Viet Nam; 14 projects adjusted capital with a supplementary capital of 40 million USD. In general, the total outward foreign direct investment of Vietnam (newly licensed and supplementary capital) in 5 months of 2018 reached 184.7 million USD in 2018, of which financial and banking activities reached 105.8 million USD, accounted for 57.3% of total investment; the manufacturing activity reached 25.4 million USD, accounted for 13.7% the agriculture, forestry and fishery recorded at 21million USD, accounted for 11.4%;. In 5 months of this year, Viet Nam outward invested in 24 countries and territories, of which Lao People’s Democratic Republic was the leading country with 43.4 % of total investment; Cambodia accounted for 17.5%; Cuba accounted for 10.8%.

  1. State budget revenue and expenditure

The state budget revenue from the beginning of the year to 15th May 2018 was estimated at 490.2 trillion VND, equaling 37.2% of the yearly estimate, of which: domestic revenue reached 394.5 trillion VND, equaling 35.9%; crude oil revenue was 21.7 trillion VND, equaling 60.4%; budget balance revenue from export and import gained 73.9 trillion VND, equaling 41.3%. In domestic revenues, state-owned enterprises reached 51.8 trillion VND, equaling 31.1% of the yearly estimate; FDI enterprises (excluding crude oil) achieved 66.3 trillion VND, equaling 29.8%; revenue from tax on non-state commerce and services reached 82.2 trillion VND, accounting for 37.7%; tax on personal income was 41.1 trillion VND, equaling 29.2%; revenue from land use recorded 41.8 trillion VND, equal to 48.6%.

The state budget expenditure from the beginning of the year to 15th May 2018 was estimated at 470.3 trillion VND, equaling 30.9% of the yearly estimate, of which recurrent expenditures reached 339.5 trillion VND, equaling 36.1%; development investment expenditure was 82.6 trillion VND, equaling 20.7%; interest payment was 46.3 trillion VND, equaling 41.1%.

  1. Trade, price index, transport and tourism

      a) Retail sales of goods and services

Gross retail sales of consumer goods and services in May 2018 were estimated at 354 trillion VND, up 1.5% compared to the previous month and up 10.4% over the same period in 2017, of which: Retail sales of goods reached 267 trillion VND, up 1.4% and up 11.3%; revenue from accommodation and catering services reached 42.9 trillion VND, decreased by 0.9% and increased by 8.2%; tourism and traveling revenues reached 3.2 trillion, up 15.6% and up 11.4%; revenue from other services reached 40.9 trillion VND, an increase of 3.8% and of 6.6%. In the first 5 months, gross retail sales of goods and services were estimated at 1,752.7 trillion VND, up 10.1% compared to the same period last year, if excluding the price factor, the growth rate was 8.3% (7.5% in 2017)

By kinds of economic activity, retail sales of goods in the first 5 months were estimated at 1,325.6 trillion VND, accounting for 75.6% of the total and increasing by 11% compared to the same period last year, of which: Food and foodstuff increased by 12.1%; garments by 12.4%; appliances, tools and household equipment by 11%; cultural and educational items by 9.1%; vehicles by 8.5%. Some provinces achieved a good increase: Ho Chi Minh City by 13.5%; Thai Nguyen by 13%; Bac Giang by 12.9%; Ha Noi by 12.6%; Lam Dong by 12.5%; Thanh Hoa by 12.3%; Nam Dinh by 12.3%; Binh Dinh by 12.2%. Besides, some provinces gained a low increase: Tien Giang by 7.7%; Ha Tinh by 7.1%; Dong Thap by 6.5%; and Kien Giang increased by 6.1%.

Revenue from accommodation and catering services in the first 5 months was estimated at 214.4 trillion VND, accounting for 12.3% of the total and increasing by 8.9% over the same period last year, of which Quang Binh achieved an increase in turnover of 14.5%; Binh Thuan by 12.7%; Lao Cai by 10.9%; Ha Noi by 8.5%; and Ho Chi Minh City increased by 7.3%.

Turnover from traveling services in 5 months was estimated at 16.2 trillion VND, accounting for 0.9% of the total and increasing by 23% over the same period last year, of which Ho Chi Minh City increased by 27.5%; Long An by 26.4%; Ha Noi by 25.8%; Hai Phong by 25.6%; and Dak Lak by 24.2%.

Revenue from other services in 5 months was estimated at 196.5 trillion VND, accounting for 11.2% of the total and increasing by 4.6% over the same period in 2017, of which Thua Thien – Hue achieved an increase in revenue of 6.9%; Hai Duong increased by 5.7%; Ha Noi grew by 2.2%; and Ho Chi Minh City rose by 1.5%.

       b) Import and export of goods

Export turnover of goods in April 2018 was 18,367 million USD, 167 million USD higher than the estimated number, of which: footwear was 158 million USD higher; electronic goods, computers and their parts were 150 million USD higher; iron and steel were 105 million USD higher; machinery instrument and accessory were 61 million USD higher; fishery products were 34 million USD higher; vegetables were 30 million USD higher; means of transport and spare parts were 27 million USD higher; petroleum and chemicals were 22 million USD higher; rice was 17 million USD higher; cashew nuts and plastic products were 15 million USD higher; textile products were 84 million USD lower; phones and their parts were 517 million USD less than estimated.

Export turnover of goods in May 2018 was estimated at 19.20 billion USD, went up by 4.5% over the previous month, of which: the domestic economic sector gained 5.63 billion USD, grew by 1.7%; FDI sector (including crude oil) attained 13.57 billion USD, rose by 5.8%. Some export products in May had increased turnover: Crude oil grew by 110.9%; rubber rose by 41.6%; rice went up by 26.4%; electronic goods, computers and their parts increased by 11.6%; footwear climbed up by 11.2%. Compared to the same period last year, export turnover in May increased by 7.1%, of which: the domestic economic sector increased by 14%, the FDI sector (including crude oil) grew by 4, 5%. Some products had increased export turnover over the same period last year: Machinery, instrument and accessory increased by 31.4%; electronic goods, computers and their parts grew by 19.9%; textiles and garments rose by 12.1%.

In the first 5 months of the year, export turnover was estimated at 93.09 billion USD, jumped up by 15.8% over the same period in 2017, of which: the domestic economic sector was 26.43 billion USD, went up by 17.8%; FDI sector (including crude oil) reached 66.66 billion USD, jumped up by 15%, accounting for 71.6% of total export turnover (went down by 0.5 percentage points compared to the same period in 2017). Export turnover of some main products continued to increase over the same period last year: Phones and their parts reached 19.5 billion USD, grew by 19.8%; electronic goods, computers and their parts reached 10.9 billion UDS, climbed up by 14.2%; textiles and garments gained 10.7 billion USD, increased by 13.3%; machinery, instrument and accessory reached 6.4 billion USD, went up by 29.7%; footwear gained 6.1 billion USD, climbed up by 7.9%; means of transport and spare parts reached 3.3 billion USD, grew by 17.2%; wood and wooden products reached 3.3 billion USD, jumped up by 10%. Besides that, a number of agricultural and fishery products also increased significantly: Fishery products reached 3.1 billion USD, went up by 11.1%; vegetables and fruits gained 1.7 billion USD, jumped up by 19.6%; rice reached 1.6 billion USD, soared by 51.1% (volume increased by 20.4%); cashew nuts reached 1.4 billion USD, an increase of 25.3% (volume grew by 21.4%). Some agricultural products had increased export volume but their turnover decreased compared to the same period last year due to lower export prices: Coffee reached 1.6 billion USD, went down by 12% (volume increased by 1.8%); rubber gained 630 million USD, reduced by 10.8% (volume rose by 19.6%); pepper reached 379 million USD, decreased by 37.1% (volume increased by 6.2%). Particularly, crude oil for 5 months decreased in both export volume and turnover compared to the same period last year, while the average export price increased by 45.3% over the same period in 2017: Crude oil export turnover reached 919 million USD, went down by 20.4% (volume reduced by 40.1%).

Regarding the exported goods market in the first 5 months of 2018, the United States was Vietnam’s largest export market with a turnover of 17.4 billion USD, went up by 9% over the same period last year, of which: footwear increased by 15.8%; textiles and garments grew by 12%; phones and their parts increased by 8.5%. The following was EU with a turnover of 16.9 billion USD, climbed up by by 13.6%, of which: machinery, instrument and accessory surged up by 36%; phones and their parts increased by 16.4%; electronic goods, computers and their parts increased by 16.3%. China reached 13.8 billion USD, jumped up by 30.8%, of which: turnover of phones and their parts were 5 times as high as the same period last year; electronic goods, computers and their parts increased by 31%; vegetables grew by 16.5%. ASEAN market reached 9.8 billion USD, jumped up by 14.1%, of which: turnover of rice was 3.4 times as much as the same period last year; iron and steel increased by 52.9%; phones and their parts increased by 6.1%. Japan gained 7.2 billion USD, went up by 11.3%, of which: textiles and garments jumped up by 21%; machinery, instrument and accessory edged up by 5.7%. South Korea reached 7.2 billion USD, rose by 31%, of which: electronic goods, computers and their parts rose by 57%; phones and their parts soared by 31.6%; textiles and garments increased by 26.9%.

The turnover of imported goods in April 2018 was 17.204 million USD, 296 million USD lower than the estimated figures, of which: phones and their parts were 139 million USD lower; machinery, instrument and accessory were 148 million USD lower; electronic goods, computers and their parts were 275 million USD lower; fabric was 99 million USD higher; iron and steel were 35 million USD higher; wheat was 33 million USD higher; fertilizer was 28 million USD higher than estimated.

Import turnover in May was estimated at 19.70 billion USD, increasing by 14.5% over the previous month, of which: the domestic economic sector gained 8.30 billion USD, went up by 12.2%; FDI sector reached 11.40 billion USD, edged up by 16.2%. Import turnover of some products increased compared to the previous month: Petroleum increased by 26.9%; motorcycles and spare parts increased by 24.4%; machinery, instrument and accessory grew by 22.4%; materials for textile, garment and footwear increased by 20.7%; chemical products rose by 19.2%; fishery products increased by 18.8%; iron and steel jumped up by 18.4%. Compared to the same period last year, import turnover in May increased by 6.3%, of which: the domestic economic sector grew by 11.6%; FDI sector rose by 2.8%. Import turnover of some products increased over the same period last year: Petroleum increased by 49.4%; iron and steel grew by 31.2%; fabric rose by 13.9%.

In the first 5 months of 2018, import turnover was estimated at 89.70 billion USD, went up by 8.2% YoY, of which: the domestic economic sector was 36.82 billion USD, rose by 10.4%; FDI sector reached 52.88 billion USD, went up by 6.7%. Import turnover of some products increased over the same period last year: Electronic goods, computers and their parts reached 16.1 billion USD, jumped up by 14.1%; phones and their parts reached 5.2 billion USD, climbed up by 1.3%; fabric gained 5.1 billion USD, edged up by 13%; iron and steel attained 4 billion USD, rose by 1.1%; petroleum reached 3.6 billion USD, surged up by 35.3%; plastics reached 3.4 billion USD, increased by 14.1%; metals gained 2.8 billion USD, jumped up by 14.2%; textile, garment and footwear materials reached 2.3 billion USD, edged up by 3.7%; chemicals reached 2 billion, rose by 22.9%.

Regarding the market of imported goods in the first 5 months, China was still the largest imported market of Vietnam with a turnover of 24.2 billion USD, climbed up by 9% compared to the same period in 2017, of which: phones and their parts increased by 17.6%; fabric grew by 15.3%. The following was South Korean market with an import turnover of 18.7 billion USD, rose by 1.1%, of which: electronic goods, computers and their parts increased by 26.4%; phones and their parts fell by 6.5%. ASEAN reached 12.5 billion USD, edged up by 11.1%, of which: petroleum increased by 24.6%; machinery, instrument and accessory rose by 21.3%; electronic goods, computers and their parts grew by 12.2%. Japan gained 7.2 billion USD, climbed up by 11.2%, of which: electronics, computers and their parts jumped up by 23.1%; machinery, instrument and accessory increased by 3.5%. EU gained 5.2 billion USD, edged up by 7.3%, of which: plastic materials increased by 29.7%; machinery, instrument and accessory increased by 8.6%. The United States reached 4.5 billion USD, went up by 10.7%, of which: animal feed and materials rose by 56%; soybean increased by 13.7%.

Trade balance of goods in April 2018 witnessed a trade surplus of 1.16 billion USD[9]. The trade deficit in May was estimated at 500 million USD (after 4 consecutive months of trade surplus since the beginning of the year), mainly due to the fact that Samsung focused on exporting Galaxy S9 and S9+ in March, causing the decline in export turnover of phones from April. In the first 5 months of the year, trade surplus reached 3.39 billion USD[10], of which: the domestic economic sector saw a trade deficit of 10.39 billion USD; FDI sector (including crude oil) witnessed a trade surplus of 13.78 billion USD.

        c) Consumer price index, gold price index and USD price index

In comparison with the previous month, consumer price index (CPI) in May 2018 increased by 0.55%, which was seen as the highest CPI increase in the last 6 years[11]. There were 9 out of 11 groups of goods and services with a high increase in price index over the previous month, in which the transportation group achieved the highest increase of 1.72%, mainly resulting from two adjustments of gasoline and oil prices, on 8 May 2018 and on May 23rd, 2018 (caused the overall CPI to increase by 0.16%). The group of food and catering services increased by 0.88%, of which food increased by 0.03% due to a slight increase of 0.1% in exported rice price; foodstuff increased by 1.2% due to a sharp rise of 5.85% in pork price, making the overall CPI increase by 0.25%. Housing and construction materials increased by 0.34%, due to the hot weather so the demand for electricity and water increased[12]; household equipments and appliances increased by 0.1%; Item groups include: Drinks and cigarettes; culture, entertainment and tourism; apparel, hats and footwear both increased by 0.08%; medicine and medical services increased by 0.03%; other commodities and services increased by 0.02%; prices of education group remained stable; particularly, the post and telecommunication group fell 0.14%.

The average consumer price index in the first 5 months of 2018 increased by 3.01% compared to the average of the same period in 2017. CPI in May 2018 increased by 1.61% compared to December 2017 and increased by 3.86% compared to the same period last year.

Core inflation in May 2018 increased by 0.11% over the previous month and by 1.37% over the same period last year. The average core inflation in the first 5 months increased by 1.34% compared to the average of the same period in 2017.

Gold price index in May 2018 decreased by 0.75% compared to the previous month; increased 2.89% compared to December 2017 and increased 4.72% compared to the same period last year. The US dollar price index in May 2018 decreased by 0.06% over the previous month; increased 0.26% compared to December 2017 and increased by 0.26% compared to the same period in 2017.

           d) Passenger and freight transport

Passenger carriage in May was estimated at 382.2 million passengers, up 1.6% over the previous month and 16.9 billion passengers.km, up 1.7%. Generally for the first 5 months, passenger carriage reached 1,874.5 million passengers, an increase of 10.4% over the same period last year and 82.8 billion passengers-kilometers, an increase of 11.2%, of which passenger carried by road reached 1,768.9 million passengers, an increase of 10.6% and 57.6 billion passengers-kilometers, an increase of 11.2%; by inland waterways reached 78.7 million passengers, an increase of 6.1% and 1.5 billion passengers-kilometers, an increase of 6.3%; by seaway reached 3 million passengers, up 6.9% and 179.5 million passengers.km, up 7.5%; airway transport was quite good with 20.3 million passengers, up 14% and 22 billion passengers-kilometers, up 12.8%; particularly railway transport reached 3.5 million passengers, decreased by 11.4% and 1.5 billion passengers.km, decreased by 6%.

Cargo transport in May was estimated at 135 million tons, up 1.2% over the previous month and 25.1 billion tons-kilometers, up 1.3%. Generally for 5 months, freight transport reached 659.9 million tons, up 9.7% over the same period last year and 122.5 billion tons.km, up 6.4%, of which domestic transport reached 646 million tons, up 9.9% and 65.7 billion tons.km, up 9.1%; overseas transport reached 13.9 million tons, up 1.8% and 56.7 billion tons.km, up 3.4%. By types of transport, the road reached 509.4 million tons, up 10.5% over the same period last year and 33.6 billion tons.km, up 9.9%; the inland waterways reached 116.5 million tons, up 7.7% and 24.6 billion tons.km, up 7.2%; the seaway reached 31.5 million tons, up 4.7% and 62.4 billion tons.km, up 4.1%; the railway reached 2.4 million tons, up 5.9% and 1.6 billion tons.km, up 13.9%; the air transport reached 112 thousand tons, up 10.9% and 293.7 million tons.km, up 9.5%.

         e) International visitors to Viet Nam

International visitors to Viet Nam in May were estimated at 1,161.1 thousand, decreasing by 13.5% over the previous month, of which arrivals by airway dropped by 11.2%; by road by 21.6%; by sea by 30.2%. Compared to the same period last year, international visitors to Viet Nam increased by 19.4%, of which visitors from Asia increased by 22.2%; from Europe increased by 5.7%; from the Americas increased by 15.8%, from Oceania increased by 9.7%; and from Africa by 13.9%.

Generally in the first 5 months, international visitors to Viet Nam were estimated at 6,708.4 thousand, increasing by 27.6% compared to the same period last year, of which arrivals by air reached 5,383.4 thousand, an increase of 23.5%; by road reached 1,167.4 thousand persons, an increase of 59.9%; by seaway reached 157.6 thousand persons, fell by 6.1%.

In the first 5 months, visitors from Asia reached 5,099.2 thousand persons, an increase of 33.3% compared to the same period last year, of which visitors from most major markets increased: Visitors from China achieved 2,153.3 thousand persons, an increase of 37%; South Korea 1,441.8 thousand persons, an increase of 62.1%; Japan 344.3 thousand persons, up 6.6%; Taiwan 283.6 thousand persons, an increase of 14.5%; Malaysia 220.5 thousand persons, an increase of 12.5%; Thailand 146.2 thousand persons, an increase of 9.1%; Singapore 112.8 thousand persons, an increase of 5.4%.

Visitors from Europe were estimated at 976.9 thousand, up 11.8% over the same period last year, of which: visitors from the Russian Federation were 300.7 thousand, up 9.2%; France 139.8 thousand persons, an increase of 13.1%; United Kingdom 138.5 thousand persons, an increase of 9.6%; Germany 102.2 thousand persons, up 8.5%; Netherlands 31.1 thousand persons, an increase of 11.3%; Sweden 30.5 thousand persons, an increase of 16.4%; Italy 30.1 thousand persons, an increase of 18.3%.

Visitors from the Americas reached 421.1 thousand, an increase of 13.8% over the same period last year, of which 310.7 thousand visitors from the United States, up 15.8%. Visitors from Oceania reached 193.2 thousand persons, an increase of 12.1% over the same period in 2017, of which visitors from Australia reached 174.5 thousand, an increase of 12.9%. . Visitors from Africa reached 18 thousand, up 20.9% over the same period in 2017.

  1. SOCIAL ISSUES

      a) Food shortage among farmers

May was interval crops period, the number of households suffering from food shortage was higher than in April but fell sharply compared to the same period last year. In May, the whole country witnessed 31.5 thousand households suffering from food shortage, 2.4 times higher than the previous month, equivalent to 131.5 thousand persons suffering from food shortage, times higher than the same period in 2017, number of households suffering from food shortage decreased by 31.2%, equivalent to a decrease of 29.8% persons suffering from food shortage. Generally, for 5 months of 2018, the whole country witnessed 90.9 thousand households suffering from food shortage a year on year fall of 34.9%, corresponding to 361.3 thousand persons suffering from food shortage, declined by 37.1%. In order to overcome food shortage, from the beginning of the year, all administrative levels, sectors and organizations from central to local level supported these households with 6.7 thousand tons of food.

         b) Epidemic diseases and food poisoning

In May, it was estimated 3.6 thousand cases of hand, foot and mouth disease; 2.9 thousand cases of hemorrhagic fever; 53 cases of typhoid; 65 cases of viral encephalitis; 45 whooping cough; 4 cases of meningococcal meningitis; 7 cases of human streptococcus suis infection  and 401 cases of food poisoning. (Of which persons were poisoned in a case of food poisoning in Son La province). Generally, for the first 5 months of 2018, the whole country witnessed 10.6 thousand cases of hand, foot and mouth disease; 17.6 thousand cases of hemorrhagic fever (4 deaths); 215 cases of typhoid; 196 cases of viral encephalitis (2 deaths); 146 cases of whooping cough; 230 meningococcal meningitis; 37 cases of human streptococcus suis infection (3 deaths); 21 deaths from rabies.

As of 15 May 2018, the total number of alive HIV-infected persons over the country was 209.9 thousand persons and the number of cases turned to AIDS was 91.2 thousand persons; the number of persons died of HIV/AIDS nationwide was 96.6 thousand persons.

         c) Traffic accidents

In May (from 16 April to 15 May), there were 1,470 traffic accidents traffic accidents occurred nationwide, including 778 traffic accidents from less serious to more and 692 traffic collisions, causing 688 deaths, 412 injuries and 714 slight injuries. Compared to the same period last year, the number of traffic accidents in May decreased by 11.2% (the number of traffic accidents from less serious to more decreased by 7.6% and the number of traffic collisions went down by 14.9%); the number of deaths declined by 1.1%; the number of injuries dropped 24.1% and the number of slight injuries decreased by 22.8%. Remarkably, there were several serious traffic accidents: The bus accident occurred on 12 May in Khanh Hoa causing 3 deaths and 20 injuries; the accident occurred on 14 May on Highway No20 (Duc Trong, Lam Dong), left 5 dead; on 24  May, a serious railway traffic accident occurred in Thanh Hoa, causing 2 deaths and 9 injuries.

Generally, for the first 5 months of 2018, there were 7,490 traffic accidents occurred nationwide, including 3,882 traffic accidents from less serious to more and 3,608 traffic collisions, causing 3,476 deaths, 1,988 injuries and 3,774 slight injuries. Compared to the same period last year, the number of traffic accidents in the first 5 months of this year decreased by 6.7% (traffic accidents from less serious to more decreased by 4.3%; the number of traffic collisions decreased by 9.1%); the number of deaths decreased by 0.4%; the number of injuries rose by 0.3% and the number of slight injuries decreased by 18%. On average 50 traffic accidents occurred a day in the first 5 months of 2018 nationwide, including 26 traffic accidents from less serious to more and 24 traffic collisions, caused 23 deaths, 13 injuries and 25 slight injuries.

         d) Damages caused by natural disasters

Natural disasters occurred in May 2018, caused 10 deaths and 4 injuries; more than 1.2 thousand houses collapsed, hit by landslides and roof ripped-off; nearly 700 hectares of rice and arable crops were damaged; nearly 2.5 thousand of cattle and poultry killed. According to preliminary reports, the total value of loss caused by natural disasters in the month was nearly 164 billion VND. Generally, for the first 5 months of 2018, natural disasters caused 13 deaths and 21 injuries; nearly 11 thousand houses collapsed, hit by landslides and roof ripped-off; 6.1 thousand hectares of rice and arable crops were damaged; 8.2 thousand of cattle and poultry killed. Total value of damage was estimated at over 544 billion VND.

        e) Environment protection, fire and explosion prevention

In May, 957 cases of violating regulations of environment protection were found, of which 898 cases were addressed with total fine of nearly 13 billion VND. Generally, for the first 5 months, 6,081 cases of violating regulations of environment protection were found, of which 5,647 cases were addressed with total fine of over 79 billion VND.

In May 2018, there were 309 cases of fire and explosion across the country, causing 9 deaths and 13 injuries, with an estimated damage of over 314 billion VND. Generally, for the first 5 months, there were 1,762 cases of fire and explosion across the country, causing 63 deaths and 154 injuries, with an estimated property damage of over 1,154 billion VND.

GENERAL STATISTICS OFFICE


[1] Of which : Hanoi reduced by 3.8 thousand hectares; Hung Yen decreased by 2 thousand hectares; Bac Ninh decreased by 1.2 thousand hectares; Hai Duong and Thai Binh both lost 0.9 thousand hectares.

[2] In which: 2.8 thousand hectares of land acquisition and cleared for industrial zones, road construction, infrastructure construction of tourist resorts and new urban areas; converting 2.2 thousand hectares to growing perennial crops, more than 1.7 thousand hectares switched to other annual crops and 987 hectares to aquaculture; In addition, there are 1.6 thousand hectares of abandoned land concentrated mainly in Hanoi, Nam Dinh, Thai Binh and Vinh Phuc; 263.5 hectares of land was not produced due to the weather and 29.1 hectares of polluted  land.

[3]Pig living weight price in localities reached over 40,000 VND/kg.

[4] In the first 5 months of 2017, the mining and quarrying activities decreased by 6.9 % compared to the same period last year; the manufacturing activities increased by 9.4 %; production and distribution of electricity rose 9.8 %; the water supply, waste and sewerage remediation activities expanded 6.7%.

[5] Uy Viet Shoes Production Co., Ltd. newly recruited more than 3.000 employees.

[6] Source: National business registration information system, Business Registration Management Agency, Ministry of Planning and Investment.

[7] Compared to the same period last year, the number of enterprises increased by 0.7%; the registered capital decreased by 12.1%.

[8] In the first 5 months of 2017, the number of newly established enterprises increased by 12.9% over the same period last year; the registered capital rose by 39%; the average registered capital of an enterprise increased by 23%.

[9] The trade surplus in April was estimated at 700 million USD.

[10] Of which, for the first 5 months, trade deficit from South Korea was 11.5 billion USD, fell by 11.4% compared to the same period last year; trade deficit from China was 10.4 billion USD, decreased by 10.9%.

[11] CPI increase/decrease rate in May compared to the previous month in some years were as follows: 2012 up by 0.18%; 2013 down by 0.06%; 2014 up by 0.2%; 2015 up by 0.16%; 2016 up by 0.54%; 2017 down by 0.53%; 2018 up by 0.55%.

[12] Living electricity up by 0.95%; living water up by 0.52%.