1. Agriculture, forestry and fishery

      a) Agriculture

Agriculture production in the month mainly focussed on tending, harvesting  winter  paddy, autunm-winter paddy in the country and cultivating the winter annual crops in the north. Winter paddy in 2018, the country cultivated 1,689.7 thousand hectares, equaling 98.7% compared with that of the previous year, of which Northern provinces achieved 1,105.7 thousand hectares, equaling 97,5%[1] (Red River Delta reached 516.5 thousand hectares, fell 18.7 thousand hectares); Southern provinces reached 584 thousand hectares, equaling 101.1%. As of middle of October, Northern provinces harvested 736.6 thousand hectares of winter paddy, accounted for 66.6% of the cultivated area and equaling 95.3% compared with the same period last year, of which the Red River Delta harvested 328.8 thousand hectares, accounted for 63.7% of cultivated area and equaling 92.4%. The weather for the winter crop this year was favourable for paddy growth and development, estimated yield of winter paddy in the harvested area in the North reached 49.5 quintals/hectare, an increase of 3.3 quintals /hectare compared with that last year. If the weather from now to the end of the crop was favorable, the production of paddy was estimated at 5.5 million tons, grew up 238.8 thousand tons compared with that in 2017. In Southern provinces, there were 303.3 thousand hectares of winter paddy harvested, accounted for 51.9% of the seeding area and equaling 99.6% compared with the same period last year; the yield was estimated at 48.4 quintals/hectare, an increase of 2.9 quintals/hectare compared with that in 2017; production was estimated at 2.8 million tons, grew up 201 thousand tons.

Along with tending and harvesting winter  paddy, localities in the country basically completed the production of summer-autumn paddy with cultivated area of ​​2,052.8 thousand hectares, a decrease of 13.7 thousand hectares compared with the last summer-autumn crop[2]. Some localities had large area of ​​summer-autumn paddy: Tien Giang decreased by 4.1 thousand ha; Ninh Thuan decreased by 2.6 thousand hectares; Vinh Long decreased by 1.9 thousand hectares; Ha Tinh decreased by 1.4 thousand hectares. As of October 15, 2018, the country harvested 2,048.2 thousand hectares of summer-autumn paddy, equaling 99.2% of the summer-autumn crop in 2017, of which the Mekong River Delta harvested 1,600.1 thousand hectares, equivalent to 99.3%. According to local reports, the yield of summer-autumn paddy of the country  was estimated at 54.4 quintal/hectare, an increase of 0.1 quintal/hectare compared with the previous summer-autumn crop, but due to a drop of cultivated area so the total production summer-autumn crop in 2018 reached 11.2 million tons, fell 47.7 thousand tons, of which the Mekong River Delta reached 8.7 million tons, fell 30.5 thousand tons.

As of middle of October, localities in the Mekong River Delta cultivated 720.5 thousand hectares of autumn-winter paddy, equaling 93.1% compared with the same period last year[3], of which cultivation area in some localities sharply reduced as follows: Dong Thap decreased by 16.2 thousand hectares; Kien Giang decreased by 10.8 thousand hectares; Long An decreased by 6.9 thousand hectares; An Giang decreased by 5.4 thousand hectares. Up to now, the whole region harvested 249.1 thousand hectares of winter-autumn paddy, accounted for 34.6% of cultivated area and equaling 68.7% compared with the same period last year. If the weather from now to the end of the crop was favorable, the total yield was estimated at 52.8 quintals /hectare, an increase of 0.5 quintal /hectare compared with the winter-autumn crop last year; production was estimated at 3.9 million tons, fell 333.2 thousand tons due to the reduced area in most localities.

As of October 15, 2018, the country planted 71.5 thousand hectares of maize, equaling 87.7%  compared with the same period last year; 11.4 thousand hectares of sweet potatoes, equaling 101.8%; 4 thousand hectares of soybean, equaling 97.6%; 4.6 thousand hectares of peanuts, equaling 93.9%; 74.2 thousand hectares of vegetables and beans, equivalent to 105%.

Livestock withnessed stability. Buffalo population was estimated to decline by 1% compared with the same period last year; cattle population increased by 2%; pigs population grew up 2.1%; poultry population grew up by 5.6%. As of October 25, 2018, in the nationwide, there was no foot and mouth disease and blue ear disease on pigs; Avian influenza still occured in Dak Lak. Notably, the african swine fever was complicated in some countries, and in October the epidemic spread to the south of China, so the relevant agencies and local authorities urgently took measures to prevent the epidemic from entering to Vietnam.

         b) Forestry

In October, area of concentrated forests was estimated at 25.7 thounsand hectares, fell 0,4% compared with the same period last year; the number of scatterd planted trees reached 9.4 million trees, rose by 0.5%; production of timber exploitation  reached 1.2 million m3, rose by 6.8%; production of exploited firewood reached 1.6 million ste, rose by 0.6%.

Generally for 10 months, the area of concentrated forest was estimated at 186.9 thousand hectares, fell 0.6% compared with the same period last year; the number of scattered planted trees reached 68.5 million, equivalent to the same period last year; wood cut production reached 10.3 million m3, an increase of 10.1%; exploited firewood production reached 20.4 million ste, fell 1.4%. Some localities saw a high increase in production of exploited timber: Quang Ngai reached 1,016.5 thousand m3, an increase of 24.3%; Nghe An reached 530.7 thousand m3, rose by 24.8%; Quang Tri reached 546.8 thousand m3, rose by 22.7%; Phu Yen reached 177.7 thousand m3,  rose by 18.3%; Khanh Hoa reached 86.3 thousand m3, an increase of 35.7%.

In the month, there were 34.2 hectares of damaged forests in the nationwide, of which the area of forest cut was 33.1 hectares. Generally in 10 months this year, the damaged forest area was 1,237.2 hectares, rose by 5.6% compared with the same period last year, of which forest fire area was 732.5 hectares, rose by 78.8%; the area of forests cut and destroyed was 504.7 hectares,  fell 33.8%.

        c) Fishery

In October, production of fishery in the nationwide was estimated at 671.7 thounsand tons, rose by 7% compared with the same period last year, that included fish reached 481 thounsand tons, rose by 7.2%; shrimp reached 98.1 thounsand tons, rose by 7.9%; other fishery reached 92.6  thounsand tons, rose by 5%.

Aquaculture production in the month was estimated at 372.6 thounsand tons, rose by 7.3% compared with the same period last year, of which fish reached 251.9 thounsand tons, rose by 7%; shrimp reached 85 thounsand tons, rose by 9.5%. Pangasius farming continued to gain favorable prices, traditional consumption markets such as the US and EU started to increase due to the needs for Christmas and New Year holidays so many pangansius producers  expanded production scale. Pangasius production in the month was estimated at 118.6 thousand tons, rose by 10% compared with the same period last year, of which Dong Thap reached 42.6 thousand tons, rose by 4.5%; An Giang 28.4 thousand tons, rose by 18.8%; Can Tho 13.7 thousand tons, rose by 11%. Brackish water shrimp farming was quite good, the application of technology in shrimp farming achieved high yield. Production of black tiger shrimp in the month was estimated at 30.4 thousand tons, rose by 5.9% compared with the same period last year; White leg shrimp reached 51.8 thousand tons, grew up 10%.

The weather was relatively favourable for marine catching activities of fishermen. Fishery production of the whole country was estimated at 299.1 thousand tons, rose by 6.7% compared with the same period last year, of which production of marine catching reached 280.2 thousand tons, rose by 7.1%.

Generally for 10 months, fishery production was estimated at 6,172.9 thousand tons, grew up 6% compared with the same period last year, of which aquaculture production reached 3,295.3 thousand tons, grew by 6.6%; production of fishery catching reached 2,877.6 thousand tons, grew by 5.3% (the production of marine catching reached 2,710.1 thousand tons, grew by 5.6%).

  1. Industrial production

Index of industrial production (IIP) in October was estimated to increase by 7.7% year-on-year, of which mining and quarrying decreased by 9.5%; manufacturing rose by 10.1%; production and distribution of electricity went up 8.9%; water supply, waste and sewerage remediation edged up 9.5%.

Generally, IIP in October 2018 was estimated to rise by 10.4% compared to the same period of previous year, higher than the growth of 9.6% in the same time of 2017[4]. Of which, manufacturing climbed up 12.7%, contributing 9.8 percentage points to the general growth; production and distribution of electricity went up 9.6%, contributing 0.9 percentage points;  water supply, waste and sewerage remediation grew up 6.6%, contributing 0.1 percentage point; particularly, mining and quarrying reduced by 2.6%, resulting in a reduction of 0.4 percentage points in the general growth.

In the 2-digit industrial activities, IIP of some activities in October was higher than that in the same period last year, specifically: the manufacture of coke, refined petroleum products soared 58%; the manufacture of metal surged up 21.9%; the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemical and botanical products jumped up 21.6%; the manufacture of motor vehicle climbed up 15.3%; the manufacture of fabricated metal products (except machinery, equipment) went up13.4%; the manufacture of furniture edged up 13.2%; textile and the manufacture of paper and paper products grew by 13%; the manufacture of electronic, computer and optical products accelerated by 12.1%. Some industrial activities possessed a moderate increase or decrease: waste collection, treatment and disposal activities, material recovery; the manufacture of wood and of products of wood, bamboo and rattan; and the manufacture of rubber and plastic products rose by 3.6%; 3.2%; and 3.1% respectively. The extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas fell by 6.3% (the extraction of crude oil went down 12.1% and the extraction of natural gas was equal to that in the same time of previous year); other mining and quarrying (stone, sand and gravel, etc) dropped 2.3%.

Some main industrial products in October 2018 witnessed a remarkable rise in comparison with the same period last year, particularly: petroleum was 47.4%, steel and iron bar was 40.5%; assembled television set was 26.3%; liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) was 24.6%; aluminum was 23.5; fabric from polyester and artificial yarn was 21.4%; mobile phone part was 18.8%; aquatic feed was 17.2%. Some products experienced a slight increase or fall, specifically: NPK fertilizer; animal feed; fresh milk; urea fertilizer edged up 2.6%, 1.2%, 0.7% and 0.3% respectively. Natural gas was equal to the figure in the same period last year; mobile phone fell  by 3% (smart phone dropped 5.3%); extraction of crude petroleum reduced by 12% (a drop of 10.8% in the same time point in 2017).

Index of industrial production in October 2018 in 63 provinces and cities under central continuously rose year-on-year, of which Ha Tinh province recorded the highest growth rate of 105.6%, thanks to the contribution of Formosa corporation, the following was Thanh Hoa province with an increase of 33.6% because the Nghi Son refinery and petrochemical LLC started running at mid-2018, Ba Ria-Vung Tau province experienced the lowest rise of 1.3% due to the decline in extraction of crude oil. The IIP in October in large-sized industrial provinces compared to the same time point of previous year as follows: Hai Phong; Vinh Phuc; Thai Nguyen; Bac Ninh; Quang Nam; Binh Duong; Hai Duong; Quang Ninh; Dong Nai; Can Tho; Ho Chi Minh city; Da Nang; and Ha Noi possessed the corresponding increase of 25.6%; 14.6%; 12.2%; 11.9%; 9.5%; 9.4%; 9%; 8.8%; 8.7%; 8.1%; 7.9%; 7.7%; and 7.3%.

Employees working in industrial enterprises as of 1st October 2018 rose by 3.1% compared to the same time point of last year, of which employees in State owned enterprises went down 1.1%; non-state enterprises went up 3.2%; FDI enterprises grew by 3.7%. At the same time, employees in mining and quarrying enterprises decreased by 1.5% year-on-year, employees in manufacturing; production and distribution of electricity; water supply, waste; and sewerage remediation climbed up 3.4%; 0.2%; and 0.4% respectively.

Employees in enterprises as of 1st October 2018 compared to the same period of previous year in large-sized industrial provinces were as follows: Hai Phong; Ba Ria-Vung Tau; Ha Noi; Dong Nai; Quang Ninh; Quang Nam; Hai Duong; Vinh Phuc; Can Tho rose by 15.7%; 5.8%; 5.7%; 5.2%; 2.7%; 1.8%; 1.5%; 0.8%; and 0.6% respectively. Ho Chi Minh City and Binh Duong both grew by 0.4%; Thai Nguyen was equal to the figure in the same period of 2017; Da Nang and Bac Ninh reduced by 6.4% and 7.9% respectively.

  1. Enterprise registration status [5]

In October, there were 13.0 thousand newly established enterprises in the whole country with registered capital of 152.5 trillion VND, an increase of 41.9% in the number of enterprises and 79.9% in the registered capital compared with the previous month[6]; the average registered capital of an enterprise reached 11.7 billion VND, rose by 26.8%; The total number of registered employees of the newly established enterprises were 105 thousand employees, an increase of 23.5%. In the month, there were 3,453 re-operated enterprises in the whole country, increasing by 28.1% over the previous month; 6,684 temporarily ceased enterprises (including: 1,911 enterprises ceased for a certain period of time and 4,773 enterprises temporarily ceased without registration or awaited dissolution), went up 35.2%; 1,771 enterprises completed dissolution procedures, a fall of 26.2%.

Generally for 10 months, there were 109,611 newly registered enterprises in the whole country with a total registered capital of 1,116 trillion VND, an increase of 4.3% in number of enterprises and an increase of 9.2% in registered capital compared to the same period in 2017[7]; The average registered capital of a newly established enterprise reached 10.2 billion VND, an increase of 4.7%. If including 2,045.1 trillion VND of additional registered capital of enterprises that recorded upward adjustment of capital, the total additional registered capital in the economy in 10 months of 2018 was 3,161.1 trillion VND. Besides, there were 27,935 re-operated enterprises, increasing by 22.7% compared to the same period last year, bringing the total number of newly registered enterprises and re-operated enterprises in 10 months this year gained 137.5 thousand enterprises. The total number of registered employees of newly established enterprises in 10 months of 2018 was 924.8 thousand employees, declining by 5.3% compared to the same period last year.

By economic activities, in the first 10 months, there were 38.1 thousand newly established enterprises in the wholesale, retail, repair of automobiles and motorbikes (accounting for 34.8% of the total number of newly established enterprises), an increase of 0.8% over the same period last year; 14.1 thousand construction enterprises (accounting for 12.9%), rising by 6%; 13.5 thousand manufacturing enterprises (accounting for 12.3%), rose by 0.6%; 8.3 thousand enterprises in the science, technology, consultation service, designing, advertisement and others (accounting for 7.6%), up 6.6%; 6.4 thousand enterprises in the employment services, travel, renting and leasing of machinery, equipment and other support services (accounting for 5.8%), an increase of 14.8%; 5.8 thousand real estate enterprises (accounting for 5.3%), a growth of 42.5%; 5.7 thousand enterprises in the accommodation and catering services (accounting for 5.2%), making up 12.5%; 3.9 thousand transportation and storage enterprises (accounting for 3.6%), downturn 20.3% …

In the first 10 months, some economic regions recorded an increase in the number of newly registered enterprises over the same period last year: The Red River Delta had 32.6 thousand enterprises, an increase of 3% (the registered capital reached 325.6 trillion VND, rising by 32.2%); North Central and Central Coastal areas was 15.4 thousand enterprises, went up 7.7% (the registered capital was 134.7 trillion VND, rose by 2.7%); Mekong River Delta was 7.7 thousand enterprises, an increase of 3.1% (registered capital of 90.7 trillion VND, an increase of 69.1%); South East 46.8 thousand enterprises, made up 5.1% (registered capital of 508.3 trillion VND, reduced 3.3%). The remaining regions had a number of newly registered enterprises decreased compared to the same period last year: the Northern Midlands and Mountainous areas was ​​4.4 thousand enterprises, a cut of 0.6% (registered capital of 38.3 trillion VND, declining by 14.7%); Central Highlands was 2.7 thousand enterprises, a fall of 2.3% (registered capital of 18.3 trillion, down 8.6%).

The number of temporarily ceased enterprises in 10 months of 2018 was 78,404 enterprises, went up 48.5% over the same period last year, in which: 24,467 enterprises ceased for a certain period of time, an increase of 24.7% and 53,937 enterprises temporarily ceased without registration or awaited dissolution, increasing 62.6%[8]. By economic activities, there were 9.6 thousand enterprises ceased for a certain period of time, in which: wholesale, retail, repair of automobiles and motorbikes (accounting for 39.2%), went up 23.8 % compared to the same period last year; 3.6 thousand construction enterprises (accounting for 14.9%), an increase of 25.8%; 3.1 thousand manufacturing enterprises (accounting for 12.5%), a rise of 19.1%; 1.4 thousand enterprises in the accommodation and catering services (accounting for 5.5%), rising by 26.7% … For temporarily ceased enterprises without registration or awaited dissolution, particularly as follows: wholesale and retail, repair of automobiles and motorbikes with 19 thousand enterprises (accounting for 35.3%), an increase of 38.6% over the same period last year; 8 thousand construction enterprises (accounting for 14.7%), a growth of 72.9%; 6.8 thousand manufacturing enterprises (accounting for 12.5%), going up by 79.9%; 2.9 thousand enterprises in the accommodation and catering services (accounting for 5.5%), climbing by 81.9% …

Number of enterprises completed dissolution procedures in 10 months of 2018 was 13,307 enterprises, rose by 35.9% over the same period last year, of which 12,206 enterprises with capital size of less than 10 billion VND, accounting for 91.7% and an increase of 35.9%. Enterprises completed dissolution procedures mainly focused in the economic activities: wholesale and retail, repair of automobikes and motorbikes with 5 thousand enterprises, went up 32.8% over the same period last year; the manufacturing: 1.9 thousand enterprises, rose by 48.3%; the construction activity: 1.6 thousand enterprises, jumped up 51.7%.

  1. Investment

In October, the realized investment from the State budget source was estimated at 33.7 trillion VND, increasing by 17% over the same period of last year, including: the central capital 6.3 trillion VND, decreased by 1.1%; the local capital 27.4 trillion VND, increased by 22.1%. Generally in 10 months of this year, the realized investment from the State budget reached 248.2 trillion VND, equaling 71.67% of the yearly plan and rising 12.5% compared to the same period of last year (rates of the same period in 2017 were 71.72% and 7.1%, respectively), including:

– The capital under central management reached 45.9 trillion VND, equaling 69.7% of the yearly plan and decreasing by 6.4% over the previous year, of which, the realized investment under management of the Ministry of Transportation was 14.6 trillion VND, equaling 79.3% and going down 42.9%; Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development: 5,013 billion VND, equaling 62.1% and decreasing by 9.9%; Ministry of Health: 1,958 billion VND, equaling 59.2% and decreasing by 35.2%; Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment: 968 billion VND, equaling 65.2% and increasing by 52.8%; Ministry of Education and Training: 796 billion VND, equaling 58.7% and increasing by 31.8%; Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism: 494 billion VND, equaling 65.9% and increasing by 14.6%; Ministry of Construction: 206 billion VND, equaling 75.5% and falling 48.7%; Ministry of Science and Technology: 165 billion VND, equaling 68.3% and increasing by 58.9%; Ministry of Industry and Trade: 163 billion VND, equaling 74.2% and decreasing 14.9%; Ministry of Information and Communications: 93 billion VND, equaling 69.8% and rising by 18%.

– The capital under local management reached 202.3 trillion VND, equaling 72.1% of the yearly estimate and rising 17.9% over the same period in 2017. Of which, the State budget capital at provincial level reached 141.7 trillion VND, equaling 69.3% and going up 20%; the State budget capital at district level reached 50.8 trillion VND, equaling 77.4% and increasing 13.8%; the State budget capital at commune level reached 9.8 trillion VND, equaling 96% and increasing by 10.1%. The realized investment from the State budget of some provinces and cities directly under the Central Government in 10 months in 2018 was as follows: Ha Noi capital reached 28.3 trillion VND, equaling 74.2% of the year plan and rising 5.9% compared to the same period of the previous year; Ho Chi Minh city: 18.4 trillion VND, equaling 51.4%[9] and rising by 22.3%; Hai Phong province: 8.1 trillion VND, equaling 89.1% and rising by 51.6%; Quang Ninh province: 7.8 trillion VND, equaling 59.8% and going up 38.9%; Binh Duong province: 5.9 trillion VND, equaling 74.2% and increasing by 11%; Ba Ria – Vung Tau province: 5.3 trillion VND, equaling 81.1% and increasing by 38.3%; Thanh Hoa province: 5.1 trillion VND, equaling 80.9% and increasing by 32.2%; Dong Nai province: 5.08 trillion VND, equaling 70.1% and rising by 22.5%.

Foreign direct investment from the beginning of the year to 20 October 2018 attracted 2,458 newly licensed projects with a registered capital of 15,028.2 million USD, an increase of 18.7% in number of projects and a decrease of 7.8% of registered capital compared to the same period in 2017. Besides, 954 projects which were licensed in the previous year, registered to adjust investment with an additional capital of 6,543.3 million USD, a reduction of 10% compared to the same period of the previous year. Thus, the total newly registered and additional registered capital in 10 months reached 21,571.5 million USD, a decrease of 8.5% compared to the same period of 2017. Realized foreign direct investment capital in 10 months of this year was estimated to reach 15.1 billion USD, an increase of 6.3% compared to the same period of 2017. In 10 months of 2018, there were 5,342 turns of capital contribution and share purchase of foreign investors with the total of 6.3 billion USD, an increase of 35.8% compared to the same period in 2017, of which: 889 turns of capital contributions and share purchases increased the charter capital of the enterprise with the capital contribution of 2.2 billion USD and 4,453 turns of foreign investors repurchased domestic shares without increasing charter capital with the value of 4.1 billion USD.

In 10 months, the manufacturing activity attracted the most foreign direct investment with capital of newly licensed projects reaching 6,855.6 million USD, accounted for 45.6% of the total newly registered capital; the real estate activities reached 5,102.6 million USD, accounted for 34%; other sectors was 3,070 million USD, accounted for 20.4%. If including additional registered capital of licensed projects from previous years, foreign direct investment in the manufacturing activity in 10 months of this year reached 11,542.4 million USD, accounted for 53.5% of total registered capital; the real estate activities reached 5,192.2 million USD, accounted for 24.1%; other sectors reached 4,836.9 million USD, accounted for 22.4%. For capital contribution, buying shares of foreign investors, capital invested in the processing manufacturing activity reached 1,737.3 million USD, accounted for 27.4% of the total capital contribution; the wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles reached 1,551.4 million USD, accounted for 24.5%; other sectors reached 3,051.8 million USD, accounted for 48.1%.

In the whole country, 54 provinces and centrally-run cities had newly foreign direct investment projects licensed in 10 months, of which Ha Noi capital had the largest registered capital with 4,987.1 million USD, accounted for 33.2% total newly registered capital; followed by Ba Ria – Vung Tau province with 1,794.1 million USD, accounted for 11.9%; Dong Nai province: 834.2 million USD, accounted for 5.6%; Binh Duong province: 795.7 million USD, accounted for 5.3%; Ho Chi Minh city: 714.4  million USD, accounted for 4.8%; Hai Phong province: 555.6 million USD, accounted for 3.7%; Tay Ninh province: 411.3 million USD[10], accounted for 2.7%; Ninh Thuan province: 387.5 million USD, accounted for 2.6%; Bac Ninh province 370.8 million USD, accounted for 2.5%.

Among 72 countries and territories had newly licensed investment projects in Vietnam in 10 months, Japan ranked the top with 5,893.2 million USD, accounted for 39.2% of the total newly registered capital; followed by Korea with 3,314.8 million USD, accounted for 22.1%; Singapore 1,061.3 million USD, accounted for 7.1%; Thai Lan with 855.2 million USD, accounted for 5.7%; China 787.5 million USD, accounted for 5.2%; Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (China) with 652.5 million USD, accounted for 4.3%; France with 470.7 million USD, accounted for 3.1%.

Vietnam’s outward foreign direct investment in 10 months of this year had 121 new projects granted investment certificates with a total capital of 297.4 million USD from Viet Nam; 26 project adjusted capital with a supplementary capital of 47.1 million USD. In general, the total outward foreign direct investment of Vietnam (newly licensed and supplementary capital) in 10 months in 2018 reached 344.5 million USD, of which financial and banking activities reached 105.8 million USD, accounted for 30.7 of total investment; agriculture, forestry and fishing reached 68.4 million USD, accounted for 19.9%; the manufacturing  reached 45.9 million USD, accounted for 13.3%. In 10 months, Viet Nam outward invested in 35 countries and territories, of which Lao People’s Democratic Republic was the leading country with 97.6 million USD, accounted for 28%.3 of total; Australia: 50.3 million USD, accounted for 14.6%; Slovakia: 35.9 million USD, accounted for 10.4%.

  1. State budget revenue and expenditure

The state budget revenue from the beginning of the year to 15/10/2018 was estimated at 1,009 trillion VND, equaling 76.5% of the yearly estimate, of which: domestic revenue reached 798.5 trillion VND, equal to 72.6%; crude oil revenue was 48.5 trillion VND, equaling 135.2%; budget balance revenue from export and import gained 158 trillion VND, equaling 88.3%. In domestic revenues, state-owned enterprises reached 110.2 trillion VND, equaling 66.2% of the yearly estimate; FDI enterprises (excluding crude oil) achieved 131.9 trillion VND, equaling 59.2%; non-state revenue reached 153 trillion VND, accounting for 70.2%; tax on personal income was 72.1 trillion VND, equaling 74.4%; environmental protection tax gained 34.1 trillion VND, equaling 70%; revenue from land use recorded 92.6 trillion VND, equal to 107.8%.

The state budget expenditure from the beginning of the year to 15/10/2018 was estimated at 1,051.2 trillion VND, equaling 69% of the yearly estimate, of which recurrent expenditures reached 728.9 trillion VND, equal to 77.5%; development investment expenditure was 220.1 trillion VND, equaling 55.1%; interest payment was 84.5 trillion VND, equal to 75.1%.

  1. Trade, prices, transportation and tourism

      a) Gross retail sales of goods and services

Gross retail sales of goods and services in October 2018 was estimated at 378.6 trillion VND, a rise of 1.3% over the previous month and a growth of 12.4% over the same period last year, of which: retail sales of goods gained 286.9 trillion VND, an increase of 1.7% and 14.2%; turnover of accommodation and catering services achieved 44.3 trillion VND, rising by 0.3% and by 8.4%; turnover of travelling services gained 3.3 trillion VND, declining by 3.8% and rising by 5.6%; and turnover of other services was 44.1 trillion VND, reducing by 0.1% and going up by 5.6%. Generally for 10 months in 2018, gross retail sales of goods and services was estimated at 3,612.8 trillion VND, rising by 11.4% over the same period last year, if excluding price factor, increased by 9.31% (same period in 2017 rose by 8.79%).

By economic activities, gross retail sales of goods for 10 months was estimated at 2,719.2 trillion VND, accounted for 75.3% and rose by 12.2% compared to the same period last year, of which: food and foodstuff increased by 13%; garment up by 12.6%; household equipments and appliances up by 12%; cultural and educational products up by 11.6%; and vehicles up by 11.6%. Some provinces achieved a good growth, particularly as follows: Ho Chi Minh City: 13.3%; Thanh Hoa: 13.2%; Binh Dinh: 12.7%; Thai Nguyen: 12.6%; Bac Giang: 12.6%; Hai Duong: 11.9%; Nam Dinh and Ha Noi both up by 11.8%; and Lam Dong: 10.6%;

The turnover of accommodation and catering services in 10 months was estimated at 440.1 trillion VND, accounting for 12.2% and increasing by 8.3% compared to the same period last year, of which Binh Dinh up by 14%; Lam Dong up by 11.5%; Quang Binh up by 10.3%; Ho Chi Minh up by 9.8%; Lao Cai up by 8.2%; Can Tho up by 7.3%; Kien Giang up by 5.4%; and Ha Noi up by 2.2%.

The turnover of travelling in 10 months was estimated at 33.5 trillion VND, making up 0.9% and rising by 15.6% over the same period last year. Some provinces gained a good growth, particularly: Hai Phong rose by 21.8%; Ho Chi Minh City spread 19.3%; Nghe An climbed up by 17.6%; Ha Tinh jumped up by 17.5%; Quang Nam increased by 15.2%; Quang Ninh went up 15%; Lam Dong climbed up by 12.8%; Da Nang increased by 11.2% and Ha Noi expanded 9.9%.

The turnover of other services in 10 months was estimated at 420 trillion VND, accounting for 11.6% and gaining an increase of 9.3% compared to the same period of 2017, of which Binh Thuan went up by 13.5%; Thanh Hoa up by 12.8%; Da Nang up by 12.6%; Ho Chi Minh City up by 11.6%; Kien Giang up by 11.4%; Kon Tum up by 10.5%; and Ha Noi up by 4.6%.

        b) Import and export of goods

Export turnover in September 2018 reached 21,125 million USD, 625 million USD higher than the estimated figure, of which: phones and their parts were 587 million USD higher; iron and steel were 95 million USD higher; gasoline was 56 million USD higher; chemicals were 51 million higher; machinery, instrument and accessory were 46 million USD higher; electronic goods, computers and their parts were 63 million USD lower; textile was 100 million USD lower than estimated.

Export turnover in October was estimated at 20.80 billion USD, going down by 1.5% over the previous month, of which: the domestic economic sector gained 5.63 billion USD, going up by1.5%; FDI sector (including crude oil) reached 15.17 billion USD, declining by 2.6%. Some export products in the month had decreased turnover, of which: phones and their parts saw the largest fall of 21.4%; iron and steel decreased by 17%; gasoline declined by 12.8%. Turnover of some products soared: Coal surged up 45.3%; means of transport and spare parts by jumped up 26.5%; chemicals increased by 21.7%. Compared to the same period last year, export turnover in October increased by 2.3%, of which: the domestic economic sector increased by 9.3%; FDI sector (including crude oil) decreased by 0.1%. Some products had increased export turnover over the same period last year: Machinery, instrument and accessory rose by 21.8%; textiles and garments climbed up 21.6%; electronic goods, computers and their parts increased by 6.6%.

Generally for 10 months of 2018, export turnover was estimated at 200.27 billion USD, going up by 14.2% over the same period in 2017, of which: the domestic economic sector reached 56.82 billion USD, growing up by 16.8%; FDI sector (including crude oil) gained 143.45 billion USD (accounting for 71.6% of total export turnover), climbing up 13.2%. Export turnover of some main products continued to increase over the same period last year: Phones and their parts reached 40.7 billion USD, going up by 10.6%; textiles and garments gained 25.2 billion USD, growing up by 17.1%; electronic goods, computers and their parts attained 24.3 billion USD, increasing by 15.2%; machinery, instrument and accessory achieved 13.5 billion USD, climbing up by 28.3%; footwear reached 13 billion USD, increasing by 9.7%. Besides, some agricultural and fishery products increased significantly: Fishery products reached 7.2 billion USD, growing up by 5.9%; vegetables and fruits gained 3.3 billion USD, climbing up by 14.4%; coffee attained 3 billion USD, increasing by 1.1% (volume increased by 21.5%); rice reached 2.6 billion USD, going up by 16.1% (volume rose by 3.4%).  Although the export volume of some agricultural products increased, their turnover decreased due to the reduced average export price, compared to the same period last year: Cashew nut reached 2.8 billion USD, decreased by 3.2% (the volume increased by 3.8 %); rubber gained 1.7 billion USD, went down by 7.6% (volume rose by 13.4%); pepper attained 683 million USD, edged down by 32.8% (volume increased by 8.9%). Particularly, crude oil in 10 months continued to decline sharply in both volume and export turnover over the same period last year: crude oil export turnover reached 1.8 billion USD, going down by 24.8% (volume reduced by 45.4 %).

Regarding the export goods market in 10 months, the United States was Vietnam’s largest export market with a turnover of 39 billion USD, going up by 12.8% over the same period last year, of which: phones and their parts increased by 43.7%; footwear rose by 15.9%; textiles and garments climbed up by 13.6%. The following was EU with 34.9 billion USD, growing up by 9.9%, of which: electronic goods, computers and their parts increased by 26.5%; textiles and garments rose by 14.8%; phones and their parts edged up by 6.6%. China achieved 32.1 billion USD, growing up by 21.3%, of which: phones and their parts soared by 117.1%; electronic goods, computers and their parts increased by 29.3%; vegetables and fruits rose by 14.1%. ASEAN market attained 20.6 billion USD, going up by 14.5%, of which: rice surged up 132.6%; iron and steel increased by 56.7%; textiles and garments jumped up by 38.4%. Japan gained 15.3 billion USD, growing up by 10.6%, of which: textiles and garments increased by 28.3%; footwear rose by 20.5%; machinery, instrument and accessory edged up by 9.7%. South Korea reached 15 billion USD, increasing by 23.5%, of which: electronic goods, computers and their parts increased by 50.4%; textiles and garments rose by 23.8%; phones and their parts increased by 14.9%.

Import turnover in September 2018 reached 19,513 million USD, 287 million USD lower than the estimated figure, of which: electronic goods, computers and their parts were 262 million USD lower; phones and their parts were 94 million USD lower; iron and steel were 44 million USD lower; cars were 66 million USD higher; fabric was 23 million USD higher than estimated.

Import turnover in October was estimated at 20.70 billion USD, growing up by 6.1% over the previous month, of which: the domestic economic sector gained 8.15 billion USD, went up by 8.8%; FDI sector reached 12.55 billion USD, rose by 4.4%. Import turnover of some goods increased compared to the previous month: Fertilizer increased by 32.6%; rubber rose by 28.5%; seafood climbed up by 17.7%; metal jumped up by 16%; motorcycles increased by 14.2%; electronic goods, computers and their parts rose by 7.4%; especially crude oil increased sharply by 163.1%, mainly for production of Nghi Son Refinery and Petrochemical LLC. Compared to the same period last year, import turnover in October increased by 13.6%, of which: the domestic economic sector increased by 14.5%; FDI sector rose by 13%. Turnover of some products increased significantly compared to the same period last year: Plastics increased by 23.9%; electronic goods, computers and their parts rose by 16%; machinery, instrument and accessory increased by 15.9%.

Generally for 10 months, import turnover was estimated at 193.84 billion USD, going up by 11.8% over the same period last year, of which: the domestic economic sector reached 77.50 billion USD, rose up by 12%; FDI sector gained 116.34 billion USD, increased by 11.7%. Some products hade large import value in 10 months: Electronic goods, computers and their parts reached 34.6 billion USD, edged up by 13.2%; machinery, instrument and accessory attained 27.5 billion USD, went down by 2%; phones and their parts reached 12.6 billion USD, fell by 1.6%; fabric reached 10.5 billion USD, went up by 12.9%; iron and steel gained 8.3 billion USD, rose by 10.6%; plastics attained 7.4 billion USD, jumped up by 19.3%; petroleum reached 6.8 billion USD, increased by 20%; metals achieved 6.2 billion USD, went up 29.9%; materials for textile, garment and footwear reached 4.8 billion USD, rose by 4.6%; chemicals reached 4.2 billion USD, grew up by 25.9%.

Regarding the import goods market in 10 months, China was still the largest import market of Vietnam with a turnover of 52.9 billion USD, going up by 12.4% compared to the same period in 2017, of which: oil jumped up by 94.9%; fabric increased by 17.4%; electronic goods, computers and their parts rose by 10.2%; phones and their parts increased by 3.9%. The following was the Korean market with import turnover of 39.2 billion USD, edging up by 2.1%, of which: iron and steel increased by 19.4%; gasoline rose by 17.5%; electronic goods, computers and their parts grew up by 14.1%. ASEAN gained 26 billion USD, went up by 13.1%, of which: machinery, instrument and accessory increased by 15.4%; gasoline rose by 13.7%; electronic goods, computers and their parts edged up by 8%. Japan achieved 15.5 billion USD, went up by 14.6%, of which: electronic goods, computers and their parts increased by 37.5%; phones and their parts rose by 31.1%; iron and steel climbed up by 13.9%. EU gained 11.2 billion USD, jumped up by 12.1%, of which: fabric increased by 25.1%; machinery, instrument and accessory increased by 16.9%; electronic goods, computers and their parts increased by 14.3%. The United States reached 10.6 billion USD, an increase of 37.5%, of which: animal feed and raw materials soared by 203.3%; electronic goods, computers and their parts increased by 8.3%.

The trade balance of goods in September saw a trade surplus of 1.6 billion USD[11].  The trade surplus in October was estimated at 100 million USD. Generally in 10 months, the trade surplus was 6.4 billion USD[12], of which: the domestic economic sector saw a trade deficit of 20.7 billion USD; FDI sector (including crude oil) witnessed a trade surplus of 27.1   billion USD.

         c) Consumer price index, gold price index and USD price index

Consumer price index (CPI) in October 2018 increased by 0.33% compared to the previous month, of which the transportation group increased greatly by 1.55% due to the impact of the upward adjustment in petrol and oil prices as of 6th October, 2018, despite making the downward adjustment in petrol and oil price as of 22nd October, 2018, petrol and oil price rose 3.45% (leading to a growth of 0.14% in the overall CPI). The education group went up 0.58% (education service expanded by 0.65%, making the overall CPI grow 0.03%) because 7 localities implemented the roadmap of increasing tuition fee in this month. The group of housing and construction materials spread 0.31%[13]; food and catering services increased by 0.22% (food rose 0.15%; foodstuff went up 0.18%; eating-out services increased by 0.34%)[14]; garments, hats and footwear grew 0.15%; household equipment and goods went up 0.11%; culture, entertainments and tourism increase by 0.09%; beverage and cigarette expanded 0.03%; medicine and health care services increased by 0.02%; other consumer goods and services spread 0.09%. Particularly, the group of post and communication fell 0.04%.

Average CPI in 10 months of 2018 increased 3.60% compared to average of the same period in 2017; CPI in October 2018 increased by 3.54% compared to December 2017 and rose 3.89% compared to the same period in 2017.

Core inflation in October 2018 increased by 0.13% over the previous month and increased by 1.67% over the same period last year. Average core inflation in 10 months of 2018 went up 1.43% compared to average of the same period in 2017.

Gold price index in October 2018 increased by 0.12% over the previous month; decreased by 1.78% compared to December 2017; fell 2.19% over the same period last year. USD price index in October 2018 increased by 0.20% over the previous month; rose 2.80% compared to December 2017 and expanded 2.82% compared to the same period in 2017.

         d) Passenger and freight transport

Passenger transport in October was estimated at 394.2 million persons, a decrease of 0.7% from the previous month and 18 billion persons.km, a rise of 0.2%. Generally for 10 months of 2018, passenger transport reached 3,840 million persons, an increase of 10.3% over the same period last year and 171.3 billion persons.km, an expansion of 10.4%, of which passenger transport by roadway reached 3,623.6 million persons, an upturn of 10.5% and 118.6 billion persons.km, a growth of 10.8%; by inland waterway reached 161.4 million persons, an increase of 6.6% and 3.1 billion persons.km, an increase of 6.9%; by seaway reached 6.2 million persons, a rise of 7% and 366.4 million persons.km, a spread of 7.2%; passenger transport by airway was quite good with 41.3 million persons, an increase of 12.2% and 46.1 billion persons.km, a build-up of 10.8%; railway transport reached 7.5 million persons, a decrease of 9.8% and 3.1 billion persons.km, a decline of 3.7%.

Freight transport in October was estimated at 139.6 million tons, an increase of 0.3% over the last month and 26.5 billion tons.km, a rise of 0.5%. Generally for 10 months, freight transport reached 1,350.3 million tons, an upturn of 9.6% over the same period last year and 252.5 billion tons.km, an expansion of 7.3%, of which domestic freight reached 1,322.2 million tons, an increase of 9.8% and 138.4 billion tons.km, a rise of 10.1%; overseas freight reached 28.1 million tons, an increase of 3% and 114.1 billion tons.km, a growth of 4.2%. By type of transport, freight transport by roadway reached 1.042 million tons, a rise of 10.4% over the same period last year and 68.8 billion tons.km, an expansion of 11.7%; by inland waterway reached 238.9 million tons, a build-up of 7.2% and 50.4 billion tons.km, an increase of 7.6%; by seaway reached 64.4 million tons, a growth of 6.2% and 129.1 billion tons.km, an increase of 4.9%; by railway reached 4.7 million tons, an increase of 1.8% and 3.3 billion tons.km, a rise of 12.1%; by airway reached 330.5 thousand tons, a rise of 21.1% and 874.4 million tons.km, an increase of 19.6%.

         e) International visitors to Viet Nam

International visitors to Viet Nam in October were estimated at 1,205.2 thousand visitors, decreasing by 0.6% over the previous month, of which visitors coming by airway dropped 3.2%; by roadway increased by 10.3%; by seaway went up 14.3%. Compared to the same period last year, international visitors to Viet Nam rose 17.6%, of which visitors from Asia increased by 20%; from Europe spread 10.1%; from the America expanded 11.4%; from Oceania swelled 0.6%; from Africa increased by 22.2%.

Generally for 10 months of this year, international visitors to Viet Nam were estimated at 12,821.6 thousand visitors, increasing by 22.4% over the same period last year, of which visitors coming by airway reached 10,361.2 thousand visitors, a growth of 16.7%; by roadway reached 2,260.3 thousand visitors, an increase of 62.5%; by seaway reached 200.1 thousand visitors, a decline of 2.3%.

In 10 months, visitors from Asia reached 9,989.5 thousand visitors, accounting for 77.9% of the total number of international visitor to Viet Nam, an increase of 26.5% over the same period last year, of which visitors coming from main markets all increased: visitors from China reached 4,180.8 thousand visitors, an upturn of 28.8%; from South Korea achieved 2,867.4 thousand visitors, a rise of 48.3%; from Japan attained 684 thousand visitors, a growth of 3.9%; from Taiwan reached 588.8 thousand visitors, a build-up of 14.8%; from Malaysia achieved 422,5 thousand visitors, an increase of 12.6%; from Thailand reached 269.4 thousand visitors, an expansion of 12.6%; from Singapore gained 223.7 thousand visitors, an increase of 3.9%.

Visitors from Europe were estimated at 1,670.6 thousand visitors, increasing by 9.8% compared to the same period last year, of which: visitors from Russian Federation reached 495.8 thousand visitors, an increase of 8.4%; from United Kingdom achieved 248 thousand visitors, a rise of 6.1%; from France attained 231 thousand visitors, an expansion of 10.6%; from Germany made 171.6 thousand visitors, a growth of 8.1%; from Netherlands reached 64.9 thousand visitors, an upturn of 7.9%; from Spain reached 64.8 thousand visitors, an increase of 12.5%; from Italy achieved 53.4 thousand visitors, an increase of 13.6%.

Visitors from the America reached 754.2 thousand visitors, an increase of 12.4% over the same period last year, of which visitors from the United States reached 576.5 thousand visitors, a rise of 13.9%. Visitors from Oceania reached 372.6 thousand visitors, an increase of 5.7%, of which visitors from Australia achieved 328.3 thousand visitors, a rise of 6.4%. Visitors from Africa reached 34.8 thousand visitors, an increase of 19.7% compared to the same period in 2017.

  1. Social issues

      a) Food shortage among farmers

In October, the whole country witnessed nearly 2 thousand households suffering from food shortage, a year on year increase of 21.1%, equivalent to 8.3 thousand persons suffering from food shortage, an increase of 20.1%, mainly concentrated in the Lao Cai, Thanh Hoa and Gia Lai provinces due to prolonged rains and floods. Generally, for 10 months of 2018, there were 102.7 thousand households suffering from food shortage, down 37.8% compared to the corresponding period of the preceding year, equivalent to 409.8 thousand persons suffering from food shortage, dropped 39.6%. In order to overcome food shortage, from the beginning of the year, all administrative levels, sectors and organizations from central to local level supported these households with more than 7.4 thousand tons of food and 1.6 billion VND.

       b) Epidemic diseases and food poisoning

In October, the whole country witnessed 29.4 thousand cases of hand, foot and mouth disease disease; 16.1 thousand cases of hemorrhagic fever; 51 cases of typhoid; 59 cases of viral encephalitis (2 deaths); 8 cases of meningococcal meningitis (1 death); 59 cases of whooping cough; 10 cases of deaths from rabies and 680 cases of food poisoning (of which more than 350 pupils in a primary school located in Ninh Binh province were poisoned in a food poisoning incident particularly).

Generally, for 10 months of 2018, there were nearly 72.2 thousand cases of hand, foot and mouth disease (6 deaths); 72.2 thousand cases of hemorrhagic fever (11 deaths); 507 cases of typhoid; 689 cases of viral encephalitis (20 deaths); 28 cases of meningococcal meningitis (2 deaths); 595 cases of whooping cough (2 deaths); 72 cases of human streptococcus suis infection (6 deaths); 67 deaths from rabies and 2,237 cases of food poisoning (10 deaths).

As of 18 October 2018, the total number of alive HIV-infected persons over the country was 208.6 thousand persons and the number of cases turned to AIDS was 93.7 thousand persons, the number of persons died of HIV/AIDS nationwide was 98.1 thousand persons.

        c) Traffic accidents

In the month (from 16 September to 15 October), there were 1,603 accidents occurred nationwide, including 808 traffic accidents from less serious to more and 795 traffic collisions, 662 people deaths, 430 injuries and 800 slight injuries. Compared to the same period last year, the number of traffic accidents in October decreased by 11.2% (number of traffic accidents from less serious to more reduced by 7.4% and number of traffic collisions decreased by 14.7%); the number of deaths declined by 5.7%; the number of injuries decreased by 14.5% and the number of slight injuries dropped 19.4%. Remarkably, there were some serious traffic accidents such as: the accident occurred on 23 September in Dien Bien, causing 1 death and 3 injuries; the accident occurred on 24 September in Son La, causing 1 death and 2 injuries; the accident occurred on 30 September in Ba Ria-Vung Tau caused 2 deaths and 5 injuries; the railway accident occurred on 2 October in Ha Dong, Hanoi, causing 5 injuries, and the bus accident occurred on 8 October in Gia Lai, causing 1 deaths and 6 injuries.

Generally, for 10 months of 2018, there were 14,845 traffic accidents occurred nationwide, including 7,669 traffic accidents from less serious to more and 7,176 traffic collisions, causing 6,674 deaths, 4,100 injuries and 7,449 slight injuries. Compared to the same period last year, the number of traffic accidents in 10 months of this year decreased 8.2% (the number of traffic accidents from less serious to more decreased by 2.9%; the number of traffic collisions dropped 13.3%); the number of deaths fell by 2.2%; the number of injuries increased by 1.2% and the number of slight injuries declined by 19.3%. On average, there were 49 traffic accidents occurred a day in 10 months nationwide, including 25 traffic accidents from less serious to more and 24 traffic collisions, causing 22 deaths, 14 injuries and 25 slight injuries.

         d) Damages caused by natural disasters

Damage caused by natural disasters in October 2018 was mainly due to the effects of flood tides, tornadoes, and droughts. Natural disasters caused 2 deaths and 5 injuries; nearly 100 houses collapsed, swept away and damaged; more than 1,000 hectares of rice and arable crops were damaged. Total loss caused by natural disasters in the month was estimated at 50 billion VND. Generally for 10 months, natural disasters caused 185 deaths and missing, 134 injuries; nearly 1.9 thousand houses collapsed and swept away; 59.6 thousand houses were flooded, landslided, damaged and roof ripped-off; more than 172 thousand hectares of rice and arable crops were damaged. The total value of damage caused by natural disasters in 10 months was estimated at more than 8.8 trillion VND.

        e) Environment protection, fire and explosion prevention

In October, 1,082 cases of violating regulations of environment protection were found, of which 867 cases were addressed with total fine of 10 billion VND. Generally for 10 months, 12,070 cases of violating regulations of environment protection were found nationwide, of which 11,131 cases were addressed with total fine of 171 billion VND.

In October 2018, there were 368 cases of fire and explosion across the country, causing 9 deaths and 11 injuries, with an estimated damage of 104 billion VND. Generally for 10 months, there were 3,776 cases of fire and explosion across the country, causing 91 deaths and 235 injuries, with an estimated damage of 1.6 trillion VND./.

GENERAL STATISTICS OFFICE


[1] The cultivated area of winter paddy decreased mainly due to the conversion of a part of paddy cultivation area to other uses, included conversion to other crops and aquaculture of 9.7 thousand hectares; 4.6 thousand hectares of non-farming land (infrastructure construction, irrigation works); the area of unproductive land (deserted due to difficulties in irrigation, lack of labor, weather effects, polluted land) was 18.7 thousand hectares. On the other hand, there were 3.5 thousand hectares of land returned to paddy cultivation due to unarable last year caused by  lack of water; 0.5 thousand  hectares due to conversion from other annual crops and aquaculture; 0.7 thousand hectares due to reclamation.

[2] Of which: area converted to other annual crops and aquaculture was 12.1 thousand hectares; the area converted to non-farming land was 0.5 thousand hectares; the area of non-productive land was 10.7 thousand hectares. Besides, there were 8.7 thousand hectares of land returned to paddy cultivation due to unarable area last year caused by lack of irrigation or saline water and 0.9 thousand hectares converted from other annual crops and aquaculture farming.

[3] Due to the calendar crop of the summer-autumn this year was late and longer than that in the previous year and effects of storms and early flooding came fast and remained at high level that caused many areas become unarable.

[4] October 2017, mining and quarrying dropped 6.8% year-on-year; manufacturing; production and distribution of electricity and water supply, waste and sewerage remediation grew up 13%, 8.9% and 6.5% respectively.

[5] Source: National business registration information system, Business Registration Management Agency, Ministry of Planning and Investment.

[6] Compared to the same period last year, the number of enterprises increased by 16.5%; registered capital increased by 27.9%.

[7] In 10 months of 2017, the number of newly registered enterprises increased by 14.6% over the same period last year; the registered capital rose by 43.8%; the average registered capital of an enterprise increased by 25.5%.

[8] The number of enterprises temporarily ceased without registration or awaited dissolution grew up, because of this time, the business registration offices in the country had been reviewing and standardizing data and eliminating the enterprises still inactive for a long time.

[9] Compared to newly adjusted capital (increasing from 29 trillion VND to 35.9 trillion VND).

[10] In which: The synthetic fiber project invested by China with a total registered capital of 155 million USD; The leather production project invested by Ma-Cao (China) with a total registered capital of 59 million USD..

[11] September’s trade surplus was 700 million USD.

[12] Of which: the trade deficit from South Korea in 10 months was 24.3 billion USD, going down by 7.8% over the same period last year; trade deficit from China reached 20.8 billion USD, growing up by 0.9%; trade deficit from ASEAN gained 5.4 billion USD, edging up by 8.1%; trade surplus to the United States attained 28.4 billion USD, climbing up by 5.8%; trade surplus to EU reached 23.7 billion USD, increasing by 8.9%.

[13] Mainly because gas prices increased by 3.17%; home repair service prices rose 0.56%; housing maintenance materials prices expanded by 0.03%; kerosene prices rose 2.87%. Particularly, the price of electricity for domestic consumption decreased by 0.06%.

[14] Mainly due to an increase of 0.99% in rice prices; a rise of 0.67% in pork prices (making the overall CPI increase by 0.03%).