1. Agriculture, forestry and fishery

      a) Agriculture

Agricultural production in the month mainly focused on paddy farming, tending winter-spring paddy and cultivating annual crops in the country. As of January 15, 2019, the whole country cultivated 1,908.7 thousand hectares of winter-spring paddy, equaling 101.3% compared with the same period last year, of which Northern provinces reached 77.5 thousand hectares, equaling 122.6%: Southern provinces reached 1,831.2 thousand hectares, equaling 100.5%, particularly, the Mekong River Delta reached 1,509.4 thousand hectares, equaling 102.1%. The progress of cultivating winter-spring paddy in Northern provinces was higher than that over the same period last year due to favorable weather conditions. Currently, winter-spring paddy was growing stably, of which nearly 70,000 hectares of paddy in the Mekong Delta was harvested, equaling 94.6% compared with the same period in 2018.

Along with the cultivation of winter-spring paddy, as of mid-January, localities across the country cultivated 156.2 thousand hectares of maize, equivalent to 101.9%  compared with the same period last year; 39.7 thousand hectares of sweet potatoes, equivalent to 96.8%; 7.2 thousand hectares of soybean, equivalent to 109.1%; 24.7 thousand hectares of groundnut, equivalent to 92.5%; 356.7 thousand hectares of vegetables and beans, equivalent to 101.8%.

In the month, buffalo and cattle husbandry was not favorable due to the effects of cold and severe cold weather; pig and poultry raising was generally stable, ensuring supply to meet consumption demand during the Lunar New Year. Estimated in January, the buffalo population in the country decreased by 2.9% compared with the same period last year; cattles population increased by 2.8%; pig population increased by 3.1%; poultry population increased by 6.3%.

         b) Forestry

Forestry production in the month focused mainly on regenerating, tending and protection of forests and preparing for tree planting movement on the Lunar New Year. In January, the area of concentrated forests all over the country was estimated at 6.3 thousand hectares, fell 1.1% compared with the same period last year; the number of scattered planted trees reached 720 thousand trees, fell 4%; the production of wood reached 871 thousand m3, approximately the same period last year, and because of the drizzle and humid climate in Northern provinces that caused challenges for timber exploitation. The production of exploited firewood in the month reached 1.5 million ste, a decrease of 1.3% compared to the same period last year.

The area of damaged forest in January was 19.1 ha, decreased by 31.4% compared with the same period in 2018, of which the area of forest fire was 0.3 ha, fell 93%; the area of forests cut and destroyed was 18.8 ha, decreased by 20.1%.

          c) Fishery

In january, production of fishery was estimated at 498 thousand tons, rose by 4.3% compared with the same period last year, of which fish reached 379.4 thousand tons, rose by 4.9%; shrimp reached 43.8 thousand tons, rose by 1.4%; other fishery products reached 74.8 thousand tons, rose by 3%.

Aquaculture production in the month was estimated at 232.2 thousand tons, increased by 3.6% compared with the same period last year, of which fish reached 167.4 thousand tons, increased by 4.2%; shrimp reached 34.3 thousand tons, increased by 3.6%. The prices of raw pangasius in the first half of January decreased slightly compared  with the previous month but that remained at a high level, ranging from 29,000-33,000 VND/kg, with this price the farmers made profit from 5,000-9,000 VND / kg. Pangasius production in January 2019 was estimated at 82.1 thousand tons, increased by 7.5% compared with the same period last year. The need of shrimp consumption in the domestic market for the Lunar New Year increased, making shrimp price increase slightly compared with the previous month. In January the production of tiger shrimp was estimated at 13.3 thousand tons, increased by 0.8% compared with the same period last year; white leg shrimp production reached 17.5 thousand tons, increased by 8%.

Production of fishery catching in january was estimated at 265.8 thousand tons, rose by 5% compared with the same period last year, of which fish reached 212 thousand tons, rosed by 5.5%; shrimp reached 9.5 thousand tons, fell 5.9%. Particularly, production of marine catching was estimated at 251 thousand tons, rose by 5.3%, of which fish reached 202.2 thousand tons, rose by 5.8%; shrimp reached 8.4 thousand tons, fell 6.7%.

  1. Industrial production

The index of industrial production (IIP) in January 2019 was estimated to decrease by 3.2% over December 2018. In comparison with the same period of 2018, IIP in January 2019 was estimated to increase by 7.9%, lower than the growth rate of 22.1% in the same time point of previous year because the Lunar Tet holiday was in the early February so enterprises focused on production of goods since December 2018 in order to meet the demands for consumption on Tet holiday. Of which, manufacturing rose by 10.1%, contributing 0.8 percentage points; water supply, waste and sewerage remediation went up by 9.4%, contributing 0.1 percentage points; mining and quarrying decreased by 6.7%, resulting in a reduction in the general growth of 01 percentage point.

In the 2-digit industrial activities, the IIP of some activities in January was higher than that in the same period last year, particularly: manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products surged up 104.1%; metal manufacture soared 32.9%; sewerage remediation and drainage jumped up 29.9%; motor vehicle manufacture increased by 18.4%; beverage manufacture rose by 12.9%; textile and wearing apparel manufacture went up 12.8%; furniture manufacture edged up 12.4%; paper and paper product manufacture grew up 11.8%; rubber and plastic product manufacture climbed up 11.3%. Meanwhile some activities experienced a moderate rise or reduction, particularly: Manufacture of fabricated metal products (except machinery and equipment) went up 3.8%; manufacture of tobacco products grew up 2.6%; wood and wooden, rattan, bamboo products rose by 0.8%; manufacture of electronics, computers and optical products increased by 0.6%; repair, maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment decreased by 1.3%; quarrying of metal ores fell by 4.1%; extraction of crude oil and natural gas dropped 11% (extracted crude oil and natural gas had the corresponding reduction of 17.1% and 5.3%); manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemical and botanical products, mining and quarrying support service activities went down by 12.2% and 14.1% respectively.

Some key industrial products in January 2019 gained a high increase year – on – year, particularly: petroleum was 95.2%; steel and iron bar was 68.6%; beer was 47.1%; chemical paint was 23.6%; fresh milk was 18.9%; aquatic feed was 16%; clothes was 13.6%; footwear was 12.9%;  sodium glutamate was 12%. Some products witnessed a slight rise or fall as follow: fabric from natural yarn rose by 1.1%; steel went up 0.7%; NPK fertilizer, parts of mobile phone, refined sugar, natural gas, mobile phone, LPG liquefied petroleum gas; extracted crude oil dropped 1%, 2.3%, 4.6%, 5.3%, 5.4%, 6.2% and 17.1% respectively.

The index of industrial production in some large-sized industrial provinces in January 2019 compared to the same period last year as follows: Hai Phong, Vinh Phuc, Hai Duong and Binh Duong rose by 23.6%, 18.2%, 11.9% and 10.9% respectively;  Quang Ninh and Dong Nai both edged up 8.5%; Can Tho grew up 8.2%; Quang Nam went up 6.4%; Ha Noi climbed up 6.2%; Da Nang jumped up 6%; Ho Chi Minh city increased by 5.1%; Thai Nguyen accelerated by 2.6%; Bac Ninh and Ba Ria-Vung Tau decreased by 1.8% and 5.3% respectively.

The employees in industrial enterprises as of 1st January 2019 increased by 1.8% year-on-year, of which employees in State owned enterprises reduced by 0.5%, employees in non State enterprises and FDI enterprises rose by 1.8% and 2.2% respectively. At the same time, the employees in mining and quarrying enterprises dropped 0.9% compared to the same time point of last year; the employees in manufacturing; production and distribution of electricity; water supply and waste, sewerage remediation possessed the corresponding increases of 2%, 1% and 0.9%.

The employees in industrial enterprises as of 1st January 2019 in comparison with the same period last year in some large-sized industrial provinces as follows: Hai Phong, Ba Ria-Vung Tau, Hai Duong, Dong Nai, Quang Ninh, Ha Noi, Quang Nam, Can Tho, Binh Duong, Ho Chi Minh city climbed up 12.5%, 5.2%[1], 4.9%, 2.7%, 2.6%, 2.4%, 1.4%, 1.2%, 1% and 0.3% respectively. Thai Nguyen fell by 7.4%; Bac Ninh reduced by 7.6%; Da Nang plunged by 16%[2].

  1. Enterprise registration status[3]

In January 2019, there were 10,079 newly registered enterprises in the whole country with registered capital of 151.1 trillion VND, down 7% in number of enterprises and rising by 53.8% in registered capital compared to in the same period last year; the average registered capital of a newly established enterprise reached 15 billion VND, made up 64.8%[4]. If including 484 trillion VND of additional registered capital of enterprises that recorded upward adjustment of capital, in January the total additional registered capital in the economy was 635.1 trillion VND. Besides, there were 8,465 re-operated enterprises, increasing by 84.5% over the same period last year, bringing the total number of newly registered enterprises and re-operated enterprises in January to over 18.5 thousand enterprises. The total number of registered employees of newly established enterprises in the month was 107.9 thousand employees, an increase of 26.5% over the same period in 2018.

By economic activities, in January, almost sectors witnessed a decrease in the number of newly established enterprises over the same period last year: There were 3.8 thousand newly registered enterprises in the wholesale and retail (accounting for 37.7% of the total newly established enterprises), a cut down of 0.3%; 1.3 thousand manufacturing enterprises (accounting for 13%), declining by 1%; nearly 1.3 thousand construction enterprises (accounting for 12.4%), fell of 9%; 790 enterprises in the science, technology, consultation service, designing, advertisement and others (making up 7.8%), a decrease of 1.1%; 611 enterprises in the employment services, travel, renting and leasing of machinery, equipment and other support services (accounting for 6.1%), a fall of 5%; 499 enterprises in the accommodation and catering services (made up 5%), down 17.9% … In 5 fields, the number of newly registered enterprises increased compared to the same period last year, there were 539 real estate enterprises (accounting for 5.3%), an increase of 16.9%; 299 enterprises in the information and communication (accounting for 3%), jumped up 12.4%; 296 enterprises in the education and training (making up 2.9%), a upturn of 4.6%; 118 enterprises in the others service activities (shared 1.2%), rose by 21.6% and 93 enterprises in the electricity, water and gas production and distribution (making up 0.9%), a rise of 3.3%.

In January, the number of newly established enterprises in most regions decreased compared to the same period last year. In which: The Southeast had 4.1 thousand enterprises, a cut of 11.8% (registered capital of 87.5 trillion VND, an increase of 143.5%); North Central and Central Coastal was 1.5 thousand enterprises, a reduction of 3.7% (registered capital of 12.6 trillion VND, a fall of 18.7%); Mekong River Delta was 776 enterprises, decreased by 9.8% (registered capital of 7.4 trillion VND, a drop of 3.8%); Northern Midlands and Mountain areas had 379 enterprises, a reduction of 23.7% (the registered capital was 5.7 trillion VND, a growth of 0.7%); Central Highlands recorded 276 enterprises, went down 4.2% (the registered capital was 3.7 trillion VND, a rise of 153.9%). Particularly in the Red River Delta, the number of newly registered enterprises increased compared to the same period last year with 3.1 thousand enterprises, an increase of 1.6% (the registered capital reached 34.2 trillion VND, an increase of 7%).

The number of enterprises ceased for a certain period of time in month was 10,804 enterprises, went up 25.3% over the same period last year. By economic activities, there were 4.1 thousand enterprises in the wholesale and retail (accounted for 38.2%), rose by 24.5%; 1.6 thousand construction enterprises (accounted for 14.7%), an increase of 19.8%; 1.4 thousand manufacturing enterprises (made up 12.7%), an increased by 21.4%; 706 enterprises in the science, technology, consultation service, designing, advertisement and others (accounted for 6.5%), jumped up 33.5%; 660 transportation and storage enterprises (accounted for 6.1%), rose by 35.5%; 506 enterprises in the accommodation and catering services (accounted for 4.7%), a rise of 16.9% … In January, there were 12,278 enterprises suspended their operations and awaited to be dissolved, of which 7,342 enterprises were revoked their business registration certificates in line with the 2018 data standardization program to eliminate previously established enterprises but inactive in reality.

In January 2019, the number of enterprises completed dissolution procedures was 1,802 enterprises, made up 16% over the same period last year, mainly focused on the economic activities: Wholesale and retail, repair of automobiles and motorbikes with 732 enterprises (accounted for 40.6%), increased by 20.8%; the manufacturing: 184 enterprises (shared 10.2%), went down 8.5%; the construction activity: 178 enterprises (accounted for 9.9%), rose up 8.5%…

  1. Investment

In January 2019, investment activities focused mainly on implementing the projects which were carried to this year from the previous year, completing the procedures of checking and taking over, and making payments for completed workload in the 2018; ministries, sectors and localities launched investment allocation for the projects whose budget plan in 2019 was approved by Decision No. 1897 / QD-TTg dated December 31, 2018 by the Prime Minister. In January, the investment from the State budget source was estimated at 18,031 billion VND, equaling 5.56% of the yearly estimate and increasing by 8.5% over the same period in 2018 (the same period in 2018, the rate was 4.7% and 17%, respectively), including:

– The capital under central management reached 2,496 billion VND, equaling 5.23% of the yearly estimate and decreasing by 20.6% over the previous year, of which, the realized investment under management of the Ministry of Transportation was 538 billion VND, equaling 6.1% and going down 51.3%; Ministry of Health: 288 billion VND, equaling 5.4% and increasing by 41.6%; Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development: 162 billion VND, equaling 4.9% and decreasing by 48.9%; Ministry of Education and Training: 68 billion VND, equaling 5.3% and increasing by 9.1%; Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment: 66 billion VND, equaling 5% and increasing by 3.6%; Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism: 35 billion VND, equaling 4.7% and decreasing by 22.8%; Ministry of Construction: 14 billion VND, equaling 5.8% and falling 7.7%; Ministry of Industry and Trade: 13 billion VND, equaling 5.1% and increasing 16.8%; Ministry of Science and Technology: 11 billion VND, equaling 3.7% and increasing by 22.7%; Ministry of Information and Communications: 7 billion VND, equaling 4.5% and rising by 17.2%.

– The capital under local management reached 15,535 billion VND, equaling 5.62% of the yearly estimate and rising 15.3% over the same period in 2018. Of which, the State budget capital at provincial level reached 10,203 billion VND, equaling 5.1% and going up 11.2%; the State budget capital at district level reached 4,452 billion VND, equaling 6.8% and increasing 24.4%; the State budget capital at commune level reached 880 billion VND, equaling 7.6% and increasing by 22%. The realized investment from the State budget of some provinces and cities directly under the Central Government was as follows: Ha Noi capital reached 2,965 billion VND, equaling 6.4% of the year plan and rising 39.3% compared to the same period of the previous year; Thanh Hoa province: 591 billion VND, equaling 7.6% and rising by 25%; Ba Ria – Vung Tau province: 528 billion VND, equaling 8% and rising by 23%; Hai Phong province: 521 billion VND, equaling 8.3% and going up 9.8%; Ho Chi Minh City: 515 billion VND, equaling 1.4% and decreasing by 6.7%; Vinh Phuc province: 512 billion VND, equaling 8.2% and increasing by 3.3%; Nghe An province: 493 billion VND, equaling 9% and increasing by 0.7%; Quang Ninh province: 431 billion VND, equaling 5.9% and rising by 19.8%.

Foreign direct investment from the 1st to 20th January, 2019 attracted 226 newly licensed projects with a registered capital of 805 million USD, an increase of 36.1% in number of projects and a rise of 81.9% of registered capital compared to the same period in 2018. Besides, 72 projects which were licensed in the previous year, registered to adjust investment with an additional capital of 340.3 million USD, a reduction of 25.5% compared to the same period last year. Thus, the total newly registered and additional registered capital reached 1,145.3 million USD, an increase of 27.3% compared to the same period of 2018. Realized foreign direct investment capital in January 2019 was estimated to reach 1,550 million USD, an increase of 9.2% compared to the same period of January 2018. In the month, there were 489 turns of capital contribution and share purchase of foreign investors with the total of 761.9 million USD, an increase of 114% compared to the same period in 2018, of which: 72 turns of capital contributions and share purchases increased the charter capital of the enterprise with the capital contribution of 384.91 million USD and 417 turns of foreign investors repurchased domestic shares without increasing charter capital with the value of 376.97 million USD.

In January, the manufacturing activity attracted the most foreign direct investment with capital of newly licensed projects reaching 591 million USD, accounted for 73.4% of the total newly registered capital; the transportation and storage reached 65.3 million USD, accounted for 8.1%[5]; the water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities reached 59.2 million USD, accounted for 7.4%; other sectors reached 89.5 million USD, accounted for 11.1%. If including additional registered capital of licensed projects from previous years, foreign direct investment in the manufacturing activity in January 2019 reached 915.7 million USD, accounted for 80 % of total registered capital; the water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities reached 72.2 million USD, accounted for 6.3%; the transportation and storage reached 65.4 million USD, accounted for 5.7%; other sectors reached 92 million USD, accounted for 8%. For capital contribution, buying shares of foreign investors, capital invested in the processing manufacturing activity reached 274.6 million USD, accounted for 36% of the total capital contribution; professional, science and technology activities reached 169.5 million USD, accounted for 22.3%; other sectors reached 317.8 million USD, accounted for 41.7%.

In the whole country, 30 provinces and centrally-run cities had newly foreign direct investment projects licensed in January 2019, of which Hai Duong province had the largest registered capital with 124.9 million USD, accounted for 15.5% total newly registered capital; followed by Ha Nam province with 118.3 million USD, accounted for 14.7%; Tay Ninh province: 90 million USD, accounted for 11.2%; Binh Duong province: 87.7 million USD, accounted for 10.9%; Hung Yen province: 64.9 million USD, accounted for 8.1%; Thua Thien Hue province: 59.5 million USD, accounted for 7.4%; Ho Chi Minh city: 32.7 million USD, accounted for 4.1%; Ha Noi capital: 31.5 million USD, accounted for 3.9%; Bac Ninh province 30.3 million USD, accounted for 3.8%.

Among 28 countries and territories had newly licensed investment projects in Vietnam in this January, China ranked the top with 221.6 million USD, accounted for 27.5% of the total newly registered capital[6]; followed by Japan with 215.7 million USD, accounted for 26.8%; Xa-moa 77 million USD, accounted for 9.6%; Korea with 75.4 million USD, accounted for 9.4%; Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (China) with 70.4 million USD, accounted for 8.7%; Taiwan with 41.4 million USD, accounted for 5.1%; Singapore with 28 million USD, accounted for 3.5%.

Vietnam’s outward foreign direct investment in January 2019 had 04 new projects granted investment certificates with a total capital of 1.05 million USD from Viet Nam; 01 project adjusted capital with a supplementary capital of 200 thousands USD. In general, the total outward foreign direct investment of Vietnam (newly licensed and supplementary capital) in this month reached 1.25 million USD in 2018, of which wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles with other engines reached 600 thousand USD, accounted for 47.9% total investment; professional, science and technology activities reached 426.9 thousand USD, accounted for 34.1%; information and communication reached 225 thousand USD, accounted for 18%; In January, Viet Nam outward invested in 5 countries and territories, of which Singapore and United State were two leading countries with the same investment of 300 thousand USD, accounted for 24% of total[7]; Finland: 226.9 thousand USD, accounted for 18.1%; Japan: 225 thousand USD, accounted for 18%; Mi-an-ma: 200 thousand USD, accounted for 15.9%.

  1. State budget revenue and expenditure

The state budget revenue for the first 15 days in January 2019 was estimated at 30.8 trillion VND, equaling 2.2% of the yearly estimate, of which: domestic revenue reached 16 trillion VND, equal to 1.4%; crude oil revenue was 1.5 trillion VND, equaling 3.4%; budget balance revenue from export and import gained 13.3 trillion VND, equaling 7%.

In domestic revenues, state-owned enterprises reached 549 billion VND, equaling 0.3% of the yearly estimate; FDI enterprises (excluding crude oil) achieved 1,102 billion VND, equaling 0.5%; non-state revenue reached 2.9 trillion VND, accounting for 1.2%; tax on personal income was 1.7 trillion VND, equaling 1.5%; environmental protection tax gained 105 billion VND, equaling 0.2%; revenue from land use recorded 3.9 trillion VND, equal to 4.4%.

The state budget expenditure for the first 15 days in January 2019 was estimated at 44.2 trillion VND, equaling 2.7% of the yearly estimate, of which recurrent expenditures reached 31.8 trillion VND, equal to 3.2%; development investment expenditure was 2.8 trillion VND, equaling 0.7%; interest payment was 9.7 trillion VND, accounting for 7.7%.

  1. Trade, prices, transportation and tourism

     a) Gross retail sales of goods and services

The activities of retail sales of goods and services occurred vibrantly in January 2019 due to high demand for shopping of the people in the month close to Lunar Tet holidays. Enterprises, shopping malls, supermarkets and business establishments actively prepared plentiful and diversified goods sources to meet consumption demand of the people during Tet holidays. Gross retail sales of goods and services in January 2019 was estimated at 402.2 trillion VND, a rise of 4.4% over the previous month and a growth of 12.2% over the same period last year, if excluding price factor, increased by 9.4% (same period in 2018 rose by 7.7%).

By economic activities, gross retail sales of goods in January was estimated at 305.4 trillion VND, rose by 5.2% over the previous month and by 13.1% compared to the same period last year, of which: food and foodstuff increased by 6.3% and by 13.1%; garment up by 7.1% and by 13.4%; vehicles up by 4.2% and by 11.4%; cultural and educational products up by 1.9% and by 10.4%; household equipments and appliances up by 4.9% and by 13.7%. Some provinces achieved a good growth in comparison to the same period last year, particularly as follows: Ha Noi: 15.1%; Hai Phong: 14.5%; Bac Ninh: 13.9%; Da Nang: 13.1%; Ho Chi Minh City: 12.9%; Khanh Hoa: 12.4%.

The turnover of accommodation and catering services in January 2019 was estimated at 49.5 trillion VND, increasing by 1.4% compared to the previous month and by 11.5% over the same period last year. Some provinces gained a significant increase in turnover in comparison with the same period last year, including: Ho Chi Minh City up by 14.8%; Quang Ninh by 13.2%; Lam Dong by 12.8%; Thua Thien – Hue by 12.3%; Ba Ria – Vung Tau by 12.2%; Da Nang by 11.8%; Ha Noi by 10.5%. This rate increased remarkably because international visitors and domestic travelling rose sharply; at the same time the eating-out services witnessed a upward trend in the first days of 2019.

The turnover of travelling in January was estimated at 4.3 trillion VND, rising by 7.7% over the previous month and by 7.9% over the same period last year, of which Quang Ninh increased by 17.4%; Nghe An rose by 16.4%; Ha Nam climbed up by 15.9%; Da Nang jumped up by 10.2%; Ha Noi expanded 8.2%; and Ho Chi Minh City spread 7.6%.

The turnover of other services in January was estimated at 43 trillion VND, gaining an increase of 1.8% over the previous month and 7.4% compared to the same period last year, of which Phu Yen went up by 11.4%; Thanh Hoa up by 9.2%; Quang Nga up by 8.1%; Ha Giang up by 7.7%; Ho Chi Minh City up by 5.6% and Ha Noi up by 4.7%.

         b) Import and export of goods

Export turnover of goods in December 2018 reached 19,635 million USD, 1,365 million USD lower than the estimated figure, of which: phones and their parts were 924 million USD; electronic goods, computers and their parts were 141 million USD; crude oil was 79 million USD; footwear was 70 million USD lower than estimated. Export turnover in 2018 attained 243.5 billion USD, 1,240 million USD lower than estimated, an increase of 13.2% compared to 2017, of which: the domestic economic sector reached 69.8 billion USD, growing up by 16.9%; FDI sector (including crude oil) reached 173.7 billion USD, increasing by 11.8%.

In January 2019, export turnover was estimated at 20.0 billion USD, rising by 1.9% over the previous month, of which: the domestic economic sector reached 6.42 billion USD, going down by 0.9%; FDI sector (including crude oil) gained 13.58 billion USD, increasing by 3.2%. Some products witnessed an increase in export turnover compared to the previous month such as: chemicals increased by 33.4%; vegetables rose by 30.3%; means of transport and spare parts went up by 21.8%; crude oil increased by 19.3%; iron and steel increased by 19.2%. In addition, some products witnessed a decrease, such as: Phones and their parts decreased by 0.9%; textiles and garments fell by 4.3%; electronic goods, computers and their parts declined by 4.6%.

Compared to the same period last year, export turnover in January 2019 decreased by 1.3%, of which the domestic economic sector increased by 7.8%; FDI sector (including crude oil) fell by 5.1%. Some export products had decreased turnover: phones and their parts reached USD 2.9 billion, going down by 27.5%, this was the main reason for the decrease in January export turnover compared to the same period last year; electronic goods, computers and their parts gained 2.3 billion USD, going down by 5%; cameras, camcorders reached 450 million USD, decreasing by 9.1%. Besides, some agricultural products saw a significant decrease in turnover compared to the same period last year : Coffee gained 305 million USD, dropping 27.2%; cashew nuts attained 286 million USD, going down by 8.7% (volume increased by 14.7%); rice reached 180 million USD, falling by 24.8%; pepper was 46 million USD, going down by 32.9%. Value of some export products increased: textiles and garments reached 2.7 billion USD, rising by 6.7% compared to the same period last year; footwear reached 1.6 billion USD, growing up by 12.8%; machinery, instrument, accessory reached 1.4 billion USD, going up by 15.2%; wood and wooden products achieved 900 million USD, rising by 14.3%; means of transport and spare parts reached 800 million USD, growing up by 4.9%; fishery products reached 700 million USD, increasing by 5.2%.

Regarding the exported goods market, the United States was Viet Nam’s largest export market in January 2019 with a turnover of 4 billion USD, an increase of 11.8% over the same period last year, of which phones and their parts increased by 44.3%; machinery, instrument and accessory rose by 40.4%; footwear grew up by 13.5%. The following was China with 3.8 billion USD, a growth of 3.2%, of which textiles and garments increased by 23.9%; footwear grew up by 13.6%; seafood went up by 10.7%. The EU market gained 3.2 billion USD, going down by 7.3%, of which phones and their parts decreased by 20.4%; iron and steel fell by 60.3%. ASEAN attained 2 billion USD, declining by 5.1%, of which fishery products decreased by 22.5%; phones and their parts fell by 36.3%. Japan achieved 1.6 billion USD, going up by 3.8%, of which textiles and garments increased by 7.6%; machinery, instrument and accessory rose by 5.9%. Korea reached 1.5 billion USD, going down by 2.3%, of which electronics, computers and their parts decreased by 11.4%.

Import turnover in December 2018 reached 20,446 million USD, 754 million USD lower than the estimated figure, of which: electronic goods, computers and their parts were 296 million USD lower; phones and their parts were 145 million USD lower; fabric was 145 million USD lower; metals were 67 million USD lower; means of transport were 43 million USD lower; plastic was 31 million USD lower than estimated. The import turnover of goods in 2018 reached 236.7 billion USD, 824 million USD lower than estimated, an increase of 11.1% compared to 2017, of which the group of capital goods was 216.3 billion USD, going up by 11.6%; consumer goods group reached 20.4 billion USD, rising by 6.4%.

Import turnover in January 2019 was estimated at 20.80 billion USD, increasing by 1.7% against last month, of which the domestic economic sector gained 9.05 billion USD, climbed up by 3.1%; FDI sector attained 11.75 billion USD, going up by 0.7%. The turnover of some products increased compared to the previous month: Cotton jumped by 24.4%; coal went up by 24.2%; fishery products increased by 16.3%; metal rose by 8.5%; plastic products increased by 5.8%; textile and garment materials and footwear climbed up by 5.3%.

Compared to the same period last year, import turnover in January 2019 was estimated to increase by 3.1%, of which the domestic economic sector increased by 9.5%; FDI sector decreased by 1.3%. Some products with large value in January: Electronic goods, computers and their parts reached 3.7 billion USD, going up by 0.1%; machinery, instrument and accessory gained 3 billion USD, rising by 3.8%; phones and their parts reached 1.4 billion USD, going down by 12%; fabric attained 1.1 billion USD, growing up by 5.8%; iron and steel reached 788 million USD, declining by 3.2%; plastics reached 780 million USD, increasing by 0.3%.

In terms of imported goods market in January, China was the largest imported market of Viet Nam with an estimated turnover of 6.1 billion USD, an increase of 6% over the same period in 2018, of which: electronic goods, computers and their parts increased by 21.2%; fabric rose by 4.1%. Followed by the Korean market with import turnover of 4.1 billion USD, going down by 5.8%, of which: machinery, instrument and accessory decreased by 5.3%; electronic goods, computers and their parts decreased by 12.6%. ASEAN gained 2.8 billion USD, jumping up by 3.7%, of which: electronic goods, computers and their parts climbed up by 17.1%; machinery, instrument and accessory increased by 16.3%. Japan achieved 1.6 billion USD, increasing by 5%, of which: fabric rose by 56.4%; machinery, instrument and accessory increased by 2.4%. EU gained 1.3 billion USD, jumping up by 15.5%, of which: iron and steel increased by 26.6%; machinery, instrument and accessory rose by 13.9%. The United States reached 1.1 billion USD, climbing up by 20.8%, of which: machinery, instrument, accessory and electronic goods, computers, and their parts both increased by 19%.

Trade balance of goods in 2018 witnessed a trade surplus of 6.8 billion USD[8], equivalent to 2.8% of export turnover, of which the domestic economic sector saw a trade deficit of 25.2 billion USD; the FDI sector (including crude oil) saw a trade surplus of 32 billion USD. Trade deficit was estimated at 800 million USD in January 2019, of which the domestic economic sector witnessed a trade deficit of 2.6 billion USD; FDI sector (including crude oil) saw an export surplus of 1.8 billion USD.

          c) Consumer priceindex, gold price index and US dollar price index

Consumer price index (CPI) in January 2019 increased by 0.10% compared to December 2018, of which 3 groups were as follows: Beverage and tobacco rose by 0.69%[9]; restaurants and catering services grew up by 0.66% (food increased by 0.52%[10]; foodstuff climbed up by 0.85%[11]); garment, hat and footwear increased by 0.39% mainly due to consumption demand for the Lunar New Year. Housing and construction materials increased by 0.35%[12]; culture, entertainment and tourism grew up by 0.33%; equipment and household appliances rose by 0.16%; education climbed up by 0.15%; medicine and medical services increased by 0.01%; other goods and services increased by 0.34%. Two groups with decreased CPI were: Transportation went down by 3.04%[13]; post and telecommunication fell by 0.09%. Compared to the same period last year, CPI in January 2019 increased by 2.56%.

The gold price index of January 2019 increased by 2.25% compared to December 2018 and rose by 0.13% compared to the same period in 2018. The US dollar price index in January 2019 decreased by 0.4% compared to December 2018, and increased by 2.32% over the same period in 2018.

Basic inflation in January 2019 grew up by 0.3% compared to December 2018 and increased by 1.83% compared to the same period last year.

          d) Passenger and freight transport

Passenger transport in January 2019 was estimated at 408.7 million persons, an increase of 10.1% over the same period of 2018, and 18.1 billion persons.km, a growth of 10.3%, of which domestic passenger transport reached 407.2 million persons, a rise of 10.1% and 13.8 billion persons.km, an increase of 11.2%; overseas passenger transport was 1.5 million persons, a spread of 4.5%, and 4.2 billion persons.km, an upturn of 7.4%; mainly due to the increasing travel demand of the people during new year leaves at the beginning of 2019. Passenger transport by roadway reached 386 million persons, an increase of 10.3% over the same period last year and 12.9 billion persons.km, a rise of 10%; passenger transport by inland waterways achieved 17.4 million persons, an expansion of 5.3% and 332.2 million persons.km, an upturn of 7.6%; passenger transport by seaway reached 669.4 thousand persons, an increase of 9.7% and 39.9 million persons.km, a growth of 7 %. Passenger transport by airway achieved quite good results with 4.1 million persons, an increase of 12.9 % and 4.6 billion persons.km, a rise of 11.9%. Passenger transport by railway reached 0.5 million persons, a decline of 7.5% and 0.2 billion persons.km, a fall of 1.5 % compared to the same period in 2018.

Freight transport was estimated at 144.4 million tons in January 2019, an upturn of 9.1% compared to the same period last year and 27.4 billion tons.km, an increase of 7%, of which domestic freight reached 141.6 million tons, an increase of 9.2% and 16.1 billion tons.km, an expansion of 10.7%; overseas freight reached 2.8 million tons, a rise of 2.8% and 11.3 billion tons.km, an increase of 2.3%. By type of transport, freight transport by roadway reached 111.8 million tons, increasing by 10.2 % and 7.4 billion tons.km, growing 9.6% over the same period last year; freight transport by inland waterway reached 25.2 million tons, going up 5.2% and 5.4 billion tons, rising 7.4%; freight transport by seaway reached 6.9 million tons, spreading 7.7 % and 14.1 billion tons.km, expanding 5.9%; freight transport by airway reached 41 thousand tons, increasing by 8.1% and 102.9 million tons.km, rising 10.2%; particularly, freight transport by railway reached 0.5 million tons, falling 6% and 0.4 billion tons.km, decreasing by 7.7% .

            e) International visitors to Viet Nam

International visitors to Viet Nam in January 2019 were estimated at 1,501.8 thousand visitors, increasing by 5% compared to the same period last year, of which: visitors coming by airway reached 1,167.2 thousand visitors, increasing by 1.4%; by roadway attained 310.4 thousand visitors, rising 26.9%; by waterway reached 24.2 thousand visitors, decreasing by 30.5%. Compared to the previous month, international visitors to Viet Nam increased by 9.3%, of which visitors from Europe, America and Australia increased strongly[14] since overseas Vietnamese came home to celebrate traditional Tet holiday, besides this time was winter holidays in European, American countries so the demand for traveling abroad was quite large.

In January, visitors to Viet Nam from Asia were estimated at 1,103.7 thousand visitors, an increase of 5.4% compared to the same period last year, of which visitors from Korea reached 389 thousand visitors, a rise of 23%, and surpassed China to become the country of origin with the highest number of international visitors to Vietnam; visitors from China reached 373.5 thousand visitor, a decrease of 10.7%; visitors from Japan attained 80 thousand visitors, an increase of 11.3%; from Taiwan achieved 63.8 thousand people, an upturn of 31.4%; from Malaysia reached 48.1 thousand visitors, an increase of 9.4%; from Thailand were 45.1 thousand visitors, a rise of 39.7%; from Singapore reached 25.2 thousand visitors, a decrease of 2.5%; from Philippines gained 15.8 thousand visitors, an increase of 20%; from Indonesia reached 9.8 thousand visitors, an expansion of 18.7%; from Cambodia reached 9.5 thousand visitors, a fall of 61.3%; from Laos got 6.8 thousand visitors, a decline of 27%.

Victors to Viet Nam from Europe were estimated at 232.5 thousand visitors, increasing by 3.1% compared to the same period last year, of which: visitors from the Russian Federation reached 76 thousand visitors, an increase of 2.2%; from United Kingdom achieved 29.5 thousand visitors, a rise of 3.9%; from France reached 27 thousand visitors, an upturn of 1.3%; from Germany achieved 21.9 thousand people, an increase of 3.9%; from Sweden attained 11.2 thousand visitors, an expansion of 6%; from Italy reached 8.7 thousand visitors, a rise of 3.9%.

Visitors to Viet Nam from the America reached 105.3 thousand, rising 7.8% compared to the same period last year, of which visitors from the United States reached 80.7 thousand visitors, a rise of 11%. Visitors from Oceania reached 55.4 thousand visitors, an increase of 0.2%, of which visitors from Australia achieved 50.3 thousand visitors, a growth of 0.4%. Visitors from Africa reached 4.9 thousand visitors, decreasing by 2.1% compared to the same period in 2018.

  1. Social issues

      a) Food shortage among farmers

In January (as of 18 January 2019), the whole country witnessed nearly 5.7 thousand households suffering from food shortage, equivalent to 19.6 thousand persons suffering from food shortage, of which the number of households suffering from food shortage in Lang Son, Son La and Yen Bai provinces was 1000, 800 and 726, respectively with the corresponding number of persons suffering from food shortage of over 3000, 3000 and 2500. According to the preliminary report, to overcome this problem, all administrative levels, sectors and organizations from central to local level supported these households with about 167 tons of rice.

Following the motto of letting no one suffer hungry and miss Lunar Tet holiday, the Government allocated 3.7 thousand tons of rice from national reserves to localities to support people during Ky Hoi Lunar Tet holiday 2019 pursuant to the Decision No.106/QD-TTg of the Prime Minister.

       b) Epidemic diseases and food poisoning

In January 2019, the whole country witnessed 4.3 thousand cases of hemorrhagic fever; nearly 1.6 thousand cases of hand, foot and mouth disease; 14 cases of viral encephalitis and 15 food poisoned persons, of which 2 deaths.

As of 18 January 2019, the total number of alive HIV-infected persons over the country was 208.9 thousand persons and the number of cases turned to AIDS was 95.37 thousand persons; the number of persons died of HIV/AIDS nationwide was 98.2 thousand persons.

        c) Traffic accidents

From 16 December 2018 to 15 January 2019, there were 1,527 traffic accidents in the whole country, including traffic accidents from less serious to more and 701 traffic collisions, causing 731 deaths; 422 injuries and 715 slight injuries. Compared to the same period last year, the number of traffic accidents decreased by 13.3% (traffic accidents from less serious to more went down 7.2%; number of traffic collision decreased by 19.6%); the number of deaths declined by 6.3%; the number of injuries decreased by 0.9% and the number of slight injuries fell by 22.5%. On average, 49 traffic accidents occurred a day in the month nationwide, including 27 from less serious to more and 22 traffic accidents, causing 24 deaths, 14 injuries and 23 slight injuries. Remarkably, in the month there were some serious traffic accidents such as: the accident between a container truck and a series of motorcycles occurred on 2 January in Long An, causing 4 deaths and 18 injuries; the bus accident occurred on 6 January in Sa Pa, Lao Cai, causing 1 death and many injuries; the bus accident occurred on 9 January on the National Route 1A section in Binh Dinh province, causing 1 death and 5 injuries; the extremely serious traffic accident occurred on 21 January in Hai Duong, causing 8 deaths and 8 injuries. Confronting the continuous serious traffic accidents caused by drivers using alcohol, stimulants and many shortcomings in driver training, the Government and the Ministry of Transport timely directed to prevent future accidents.

          d) Damages caused by natural disasters, environment protection, fire and explosion prevention

In the month, main natural disasters were bitterly cold, damaging cold, heavy rain and landslides in some localities, causing 4.5 thousand hectares of rice and arable crops were flooded and damaged, nearly 300 houses were hit by landslide, collapsed, and roof ripped-off, loss was estimated about 17.4 billion VND.

In January 2019, the 731 cases of violating regulations of environment protection were found, of which 613 cases were addressed with total fine of more than 11 billion VND. In the month, there were 295 fires and explosions nationwide, causing 12 deaths and 15 injuries, with an estimated loss of 78 billion VND./.

GENERAL STATISTICS OFFICE


[1] Mainly due to the significant increase in number of employee working in enterprises of beverage production, printing, fabricated metal production

[2] Because enterprises of electronic parts and children’s toy production faced difficulties in their contracts, it resulted in the sharp reduction in employee year-on-year.

[3] Source: National business registration information system, Business Registration Management Agency, Ministry of Planning and Investment.

[4] In January 2018, there were 10,839 newly registered enterprises with a total registered capital of 98.3 trillion VND, an average registered capital of an enterprise gained 9.1 billion VND.

[5] The Vietnam Katolec Global Logistics Project was granted an investment registration certificate on 18 January 2019 with a total investment of 65 million USD funded by Japan with the aim of merchandises warehouse and storage in Ha Nam province.

[6] In which: Huanyu textile chemical factory Project was granted an investment registration certificate on January 2, 2019 with a total registered capital of 60 million USD invested by Chinese investors in Tay Ninh with the goal of producing textile substances; Phu Son waste treatment plant project was granted an invested registered certificate on 11/01/2019 with a total capital of 59,054 million USD invested by Chinese investors with the goal of handling and destroying waste in Thua Thien – Hue province.

[7] Escape Velocity Garment Trading Service Co., Ltd purchased a part of the charter capital of an overseas economic organization to participate in managing and implementing investment activities in the wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles with other engines with investment value of 300 thousand USD in Singapore; Vietnam ZADEZ Co., Ltd. established a new economic organization in the wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles with other engines with investment value of 300 thousand USD in the United States.

[8] The trade surplus in 2018 was estimated at 7.2 billion USD.

[9] Mainly because that liquor increased by 0.88%; beer bottles and cans rose by 0.49% ; cigarettes edged up 0.83%.

[10] The main reasons were that the rice prices increased by 0.53%; vermicelli price rose 0.49%; The price of dry noodles, instant wheat and rice noodles grew up by 0.34%.

[11] Pork price increased by 0.42%; price of poultry living weight rose 1.01%; fresh fishery product prices increased by 1.1%; poultry eggs increased by 0.23%; Fresh fruits increased by 1.77% and fresh vegetables increased by 2.51%.

[12] It was because that the gas prices in May rose 1.36%, the price of public transport services increased by 0.3% and means of transport maintenance went up by 0.61%.

[13] That was the group with the largest decrease in CPI due to the impact of the reduced prices of petroleum and oil as of 01/01/2019, along with the implementation of the petroleum and oil stabilization fund at the executive period as of 16/1/2019 causing a decline of 6.98% in CPI of petroleum and oil  (leading to a reduction of 0.29% in the overall CPI).

[14] Visitors from Europe increased 36.2 % over the previous month; from America went up 44 %; from Australia rose 62.2 %.