ࡱ> |~{5@ Vabjbj22 ,fXX(:::::::N8 " Ni(J J J J J J J J zh|h|h|h|h|h|h$/jRl`h!:J J J J J h::J J h.h.h.hJ ]:J :J zh.hJ zh.h .hNh::NhJ > @>BDHVIKMP\PUX\\!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!$x7$8$H$a$gd:$x7$8$H$`a$gd: hin tt gii php ny s em li gi tr thc tin cao. V tt c nhng vn  mi bao gi cing ny sinh vng mc do cha c kinh nghim, do vy th nghim thc t chnh l gii php c hiu qu nht,  gim c ti thiu nhng quy nh thiu tnh kh thi ca phng n iu tra. B. i mi h thng ch tiu thng k H thng ch tiu Thng k y  v hp l l yu t m bo cho cng tc Thng k t hiu qu cao. H thng ch tiu Thng k c ni hm rt rng,  y ch  cp n mt s quan im c tnh nguyn tc v i mi h thng ch tiu Thng k. (1) Cn c i mi h thng ch tiu Thng k i mi h thng ch tiu Thng k trc ht phi cn c vo nhng mc tiu kinh t x hi ca t nc t ra cho mi thi k ngn hn, trung hn v di hn.T nhng mc tiu kinh t x hi t ra phi c ch tiu Thng k phn nh, nh gi c mc  t c mc tiu, ng thi phi c nhng ch tiu Thng k phn nh nhng gii php trong qun l iu hnh ca Nh nc nhm kim sot v hng ti mc tiu  ra. y l cn c quan trng nht, bao chm nht, nhng cha , m phi ch ti nhng cn c khc nh: - Hi nhp kinh t quc t: y cing l mc tiu quan trng nn khng th b qua nhng ch tiu m thng l Thng k quc t ang c (c th trc mt c nhng ch tiu cha tnh c, nhng yu cu hng ti phi c a vo thc hin). - Yu cu ca cc nh u t: pht trin u t l gii php quan trng nht  t ti mc tiu kinh t x hi  ra, bi vy nhu cu thng tin thng k ca cc nh u t phi c xem l cn c khng th thiu trong vic xc nh h thng ch tiu Thng k ca mi thi k. Suy cho cng th nhu cu thng tin thng k ca cc nh u t cing l mt b phn nhu cu thng tin ca nhng gii php qun l iu hnh ca Chnh ph  thc hin chng trnh mc tiu kinh t x hi ca t nc. - Cui cng l phi ch ti yu t thc tin v tnh kh thi cao ca h thng ch tiu. Ni n tnh thc tin l nhn mnh yu t ring, yu t c th ca c ch qun l hin hnh ca Nh nc, m nht thit khng th b qua. Trong nhng trng hp c th c th yu t thc tin khng ph hp vi thng l quc t, th phi c nhng la chn khn kho  c s hi ho gia yu t thc tin vi yu t thng l quc t. Yu cu c tnh kh thi cao cing l mt cn c quan trng, bi h thng ch tiu Thng k m khng c tnh kh thi cao th  l h thng ch tiu Thng k l thuyt hay l h thng ch tiu Thng k vin tng do cc nh nghin cu vin tng v ra. Tnh kh thi cao biu hin l h thng ch tiu phi ph hp vi nng lc thc t cao nht c th thc hin c (Nng lc bao gm: cn b v trnh  cn b, ngun ti chnh, c s vt cht k thut, cing nh kh nng v thc h ca i tng cung cp thng tin). (2) Ph bin v hng dn i tng dng tin i mi h thng ch tiu Thng k phi xut pht t nhu cu ca i tng dng tin, song khng v th m th ng trong cng vic xc nh nhu cu cung cp thng tin. Ngi cung cp thng tin cn phi c nh hng, hng dn ngi dng tin, nhm thay i tp qun v cch thc s dng thng tin  ci khng cn ph hp vi c ch qun l hin ti hoc s dng thng tin v khch quan khng m bo  tin cy; ng thi phi tuyn truyn, gii thiu v hng dn cc i tng dng tin s dng nhng thng tin mi, c tnh tng hp phn tch cao, m bo  tin cy v c tnh so snh rng ri. Mi quan h hai chiu gia ngi cung cp thng tin v ngi s dng thng tin trc y thng ch c nhn mnh mt chiu l nhu cu ca ngi s dng thng tin, m cha bao gi ch ti tuyn truyn, gii thiu, hng dn v nh hng cho nhng ngi dng tin. V vy ngi dng tin c theo np ci, t duy ch quan m yu cu; ngi cung cp thng tin c gng bng mi phng php (k c phng php thiu tnh khoa hc),  tnh ton cho c nhng thng tin gi l truyn thng xa nay vn lm. 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