ࡱ> vxuq` bbjbjqPqP z::~~~~~~~4&&&hb'<'2(((((+++<2>2>2>2>2>2>2$3h-6b2-~@,*@+@,@,b2~~((2---@,~(~(<2-@,<2--~~-(( ` &@,--l202-6:-L6-6~-@+";+-S+g++++b2b2- +++2@,@,@,@,V V~~~~~~ IU TRA XU TH KINH DOANH  MALAYSIA 1. Gii thiu iu tra xu th kinh doanh (Business Tendency Survey - BTS) c tin hnh ln u vo qu 2 nm 2002. i tng iu tra l 200 doanh nghip thuc khu vc thng nghip bn l. u nm 2004  c m rng ra l)nh vc khc nh bn bun, xy dng, cng nghip v dch v. Din iu tra nh vy bao gm 4 l)nh vc: - Cng nghip - Xy dng - Thng nghip bn bun v bn l - Dch v. + L)nh vc Cng nghip gm 5 loi hnh hot ng nh: Ch to, n in, M, Nc, in. + L)nh vc Xy dng: Ton b cc loi hot ng xy dng. + Thng nghip bn bun v bn l: Bao gm 2 loi hot ng bn bun v bn l. + Dch v: gm 7 l)nh vc hot ng: Khch sn, giao thng, Bu chnh vin thng, ti chnh, bo him, bt ng sn, my tnh v cc hot ng c lin quan. 2. Dn mu S dng dn mu ca Tng iu tra kinh t nm 2000. Cc cng ty c chn ra vi vic s dng mu 2 cp. ? ln chn th nht cc l)nh vc hot ng c chn ra da trn ng gp ca hot ng  vo GDP. Cc cng ty c chn ra trong tng l)nh vc hot ng  giai on 2 da vo ng gp ca h vo tng thu nhp ca hot ng . S lng cng ty c chn  iu tra l 534, hot ng trong 15 loi hnh. Phn b cc cng ty theo loi hnh hot ng nh sau: 1. Xy dng 552. Thng nghip bn bun bn l 162 02. Bn l 75 03. Bn bun 873. Cng nghip 193 04. n in 37 05. in 1 06. Ch to131 07. M12 08. Nc 124. Dch v 124 09 Khch sn 34 10. Giao thng vn ti 23  11. Bu chnh vin thng14 12. Ti chnh 9 13. Bo him 8 14. Bt ng sn 15 15. My tnh v cc hot ng lin quan 21Tng s534 ng gp vo GDP L)nh vcQuy m muT l ng gp vo GDP ca n v mu1. Xy dng5579,292.Thng nghip bn bun bn l16264,65 02. Bn l75 03. Bn bun873.Cng nghip193 04. n in (trng cy c)3781,21 05. in1 06. Ch to13174,02 07. M1282,70 08. Nc124. Dch v124 09. 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Giao thng vn ti2380,71 11. Bu chnh vin thng14 12. Ti chnh995,35 13. Bo him8 14. Bt ng sn15 15. My tnh v cc hot ng lin quan21Tng s534 3. Thu thp s liu Thu thp d liu ph hp vi nguyn tc ch o ca OECD a ra. D liu thu thp v 3 thng qua, 3 thng ti v 6 thng tip theo. S dng 7 loi bng hi cho cc l)nh vc v loi hot ng khc nhau. 1. Cng nghip: c 3 loi bng hi: a. M, nc v in b. Ch to c. n in 2. Xy dng: 1 bng hi 3. Thng nghip bn bun v bn l c 1 bng hi 4. Dch v: c 2 loi bng hi: a. Ti chnh b. Khch sn, giao thng, bu chnh vin thng, bo him, bt ng sn v my tnh cng cc hot ng lin quan. Ni chung cc cu hi trong tng hoi bng hi tng t nh nhau. Trong tng bng hi c 6 cu hi, trong  2 cu hi m  iu chnh cho thch hp vi nhng hot ng khc nhau. Ch c mt cu tr li thch hp nht cho tng cu hi mt. Nu mt ngi cung cp nhiu hn mt tr li hoc khng c cu tr li th phi c lin h li v yu cu cung cp cu tr li thch hp nht. a. Nhng cu hi tng qut i vi tt c cc loi hot ng: - Cu hi 1: Tnh hnh chung v sn xut kinh doanh trong 6 thng ti. - Cu hi 2: Tinh hnh sn xut kinh doanh hin nay. - Cu hi 4: Tnh hnh ti chnh doanh nghip hin nay. - Cu hi 5: Vn  tip cn vi ngun tn dng. b. Nhng cu hi c th cho nhng hot ng khc nhau - Cu hi 3: Kinh nghim kinh doanh trong 3 thng qua v nhng thay i c th trong 3 thng ti. - Cu hi 6: Nhng nhn t hn ch. i tng phng vn trong cuc iu tra ny l nhng ngi qun l hng u, chu trch nhim qun l kinh doanh v ra quyt nh trong cc doanh nghip. 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